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دانلود آهنگ Majid Khedmatloo با نام Goddess of night


آهنگ Majid Khedmatloo با نام Goddess of night موسیقی اَمبینت (به انگلیسی: Ambient music ) فضای خلسه‌آور در موسیقی اَمبینت بیش از آن‌که به ترانه‌سُرایی و آهنگسازی اهمیت داده شود به عنصر «تکرار» و یک‌پارچگی بافت صداها توجه می‌شود. «ایجاد فضای خوشایند موسیقایی که صداها به‌جای این‌که به زور محیط را فراگرفتن کنند، به شیوه‌ای دلپذیر در هنگام پراکنده شده‌اند. Majid Khedmatloo - Goddess of night | Artist: Majid Khedmatloo | Music Name: Goddess of night | Genre: Ambient | Released : 2018 هنرمند: Majid Khedmatloo نام موزیک: Goddess of night سبک: Ambient تاریخ انتشار: 2018 پیشنهاد [ادامه مطلب را در اینجا بخوانید ...]
منبع : آهنگ کره ای-موسیقی بی کلام-ریمیکس-آلبوم
تاریخ باز نشر :
زمان : حدود 4 روز پیش

بازنشر شده توسط : - bestofday
لینک ثابت مطلب :
امتیاز 4.0     1 تا 5
تعداد بازدید : 1

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کرمان

bestofday

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submission stories in stroy land is free Most people are other people. Their thoughts are someone else’s opinions, th eir lives a mimicry, theirpassions a quotation. ~Oscar Wilde In the city of Mumbai, there was once a rare bird, called Bugun Liocichla. This bird was one of an endangered species, with the only known population estimated to consist of 14 individuals in Mumbai. This bird had two sons who were growing up and had started asking him questions ” on life, on conduct, on work, and on wisdom. The bird was reputed for his wisdom among all the birds of Mumbai. He had the reputation of being an ascetic who was not concerned with material riches and was content with whatever little came his way. One day his two sons, who were about to finish their education, asked him what profession they should choose. They told him about the popular professions that were being pursued by other birds at the time. Of all the professions being pursued by the birds of Mumbai, the professions of crow or pigeon were the most popular. Everybody wanted to become either a crow or a pigeon. It is always safer and more comfortable to do what many people are doing or seemed to want to be doing. The rare bird listened to them and said the following words: “Two winged creatures are plentiful in the skies and grounds of Mumbai ” the crow and the pigeon. The crows scavenge through the garbage and the pigeons make every building and pathway their abode. Crows are noisy and pigeons make sounds like an echoing ghost. Crows and pigeons don’t hate each other. Though they have their own interests, their motives converge into one. “Crows are the kings of garbage and pollute the air; pigeons scavenge food others provide for them ” intentionally or unintentionally. Both usually make their living by feeding on and spreading disease amongst birds. “The crows are the glamorous ones ” they easily come to prominence with all the noise they make. Birds like this noise and make a culture out of it. Pigeons are the ones who work stealthily, keep in the background but poison all the same. One crow is enough to generate a lot of attention but birds don’t notice pigeons unless they are in large numbers. Crows exalt in the garbage, proclaiming it to be the ultimate, considering it to be the pinnacle of their existence. This they call fame and success. The pigeons follow them, are their fans but feed on them nonetheless. It’s a symbiotic relationship. Both need each other, both feed on each other and on others. Nevertheless, popularity and fame rest with the crows for garbage is what all the birds are attracted to these days. “The faces of these crows haunt one all the time, are ever present in front of one’s eyes, their voices always being heard in some form or other from various sources. Their language becomes the language of the birds, their voice becomes the voice of most other birds. Their acts become the acts of other birds and their thoughts become the thoughts of other birds. They act as if acting is real and indeed they proclaim this to be the real. Their followers too become actors and their lives become a series of acts. Their influence is exerted over large domains, across many seas. They attract, seduce, and captivate the minds and hearts of other birds. Their poison spreads effortlessly. They easily, swiftly and most naturally create an army of their clones. “The pigeons are ever ready to have their fill and nothing is enough for them. Saturation does not exist for them. They want more and more. They didn’t want trees, so now they have buildings made all for themselves; carefully and with determination, they have covered all space. They are the marketers ” they sell and trade everything. Trade is their natural occupation. They never do anything but trade. They never possess anything that they can’t sell. Trade is their religion and selling is their life. “The skies of Mumbai are full of crows and pigeons. Indeed, they want their kingdom to expand to the farthest shores. Pigeons make tall buildings and crows have their faces painted on them. They are the rulers of the skies and the grounds. They poison, trade and sell and are bestowed with honors and fame. Their names are well known, their voices recognized, they are loaded with honors and fortune and exalt in their happy lot. Is it so surprising then, that all the other birds want to be like a crow or a pigeon?” The father, the rare bird, then continued, “Are you an ambitious bird? Do you know what ambition is? It is the desire to become somebody, is it not? And do you know what it does? It causes us to be against one another. Everybody is struggling to be rich, to have fame, to be more clever. You want to be greater than the other person and he wants you to be greater than you. So ambition really means trying to be something you are not. And which is important? To be what you are or try to be something you are not? You must first look at yourselves and begin to understand what you are. And then perhaps you’ll never ask what you should do. “Do not compare with what other birds are doing. Don’t try to become like them, even if everybody else becomes like them. It is hard for you because comparison is the basis of our so-called education, and of our whole culture. Comparison is the most destructive thing in the world. If you compare yourselves with others then how can you find out what you are interested in, what your capacities are? Don’t imitate, don’t try to become like anybody else, no matter how great. It is you who are important, not somebody else. Find out who you are.” The two boys understood what their father said. No more did they want to be a crow or a pigeon. No more did they want to become like others. No more did they want to become common. They said to themselves, it is better to be a rare bird than to be a well known crow or a pigeon; it is better to be an unknown than a known poisonous creature; it is better to remain obscure than to shine with artificial light.
منبع : آموزش زبان انگلیسی
تاریخ باز نشر :
زمان : 3 ماه پیش

بازنشر شده توسط : - bestofday
لینک ثابت مطلب :
امتیاز 5.0     1 تا 5
تعداد بازدید : 8

موضوع مطلب : #

bestofday

submit short stories


submission stories in stroy land is free Most people are other people. Their thoughts are someone else’s opinions, th eir lives a mimicry, theirpassions a quotation. ~Oscar Wilde In the city of Mumbai, there was once a rare bird, called Bugun Liocichla. This bird was one of an endangered species, with the only known population estimated to consist of 14 individuals in Mumbai. This bird had two sons who were growing up and had started asking him questions on life, on conduct, on work, and on wisdom. The bird was reputed for his wisdom among all the birds of Mumbai. He had the reputation of being an ascetic who was not concerned with material riches and was content with whatever little came his way. One day his two sons, who were about to finish their education, asked him what profession they should choose. They told him about the popular professions that were being pursued by other birds at the time. Of all the professions being pursued by the birds of Mumbai, the professions of crow or pigeon were the most popular. Everybody wanted to become either a crow or a pigeon. It is always safer and more comfortable to do what many people are doing or seemed to want to be doing. The rare bird listened to them and said the following words: Two winged creatures are plentiful in the skies and grounds of Mumbai the crow and the pigeon. The crows scavenge through the garbage and the pigeons make every building and pathway their abode. Crows are noisy and pigeons make sounds like an echoing ghost. Crows and pigeons don’t hate each other. Though they have their own interests, their motives converge into one. Crows are the kings of garbage and pollute the air; pigeons scavenge food others provide for them intentionally or unintentionally. Both usually make their living by feeding on and spreading disease amongst birds. The crows are the glamorous ones they easily come to prominence with all the noise they make. Birds like this noise and make a culture out of it. Pigeons are the ones who work stealthily, keep in the background but poison all the same. One crow is enough to generate a lot of attention but birds don’t notice pigeons unless they are in large numbers. Crows exalt in the garbage, proclaiming it to be the ultimate, considering it to be the pinnacle of their existence. This they call fame and success. The pigeons follow them, are their fans but feed on them nonetheless. It’s a symbiotic relationship. Both need each other, both feed on each other and on others. Nevertheless, popularity and fame rest with the crows for garbage is what all the birds are attracted to these days. The faces of these crows haunt one all the time, are ever present in front of one’s eyes, their voices always being heard in some form or other from various sources. Their language becomes the language of the birds, their voice becomes the voice of most other birds. Their acts become the acts of other birds and their thoughts become the thoughts of other birds. They act as if acting is real and indeed they proclaim this to be the real. Their followers too become actors and their lives become a series of acts. Their influence is exerted over large domains, across many seas. They attract, seduce, and captivate the minds and hearts of other birds. Their poison spreads effortlessly. They easily, swiftly and most naturally create an army of their clones. The pigeons are ever ready to have their fill and nothing is enough for them. Saturation does not exist for them. They want more and more. They didn’t want trees, so now they have buildings made all for themselves; carefully and with determination, they have covered all space. They are the marketers they sell and trade everything. Trade is their natural occupation. They never do anything but trade. They never possess anything that they can’t sell. Trade is their religion and selling is their life. The skies of Mumbai are full of crows and pigeons. Indeed, they want their kingdom to expand to the farthest shores. Pigeons make tall buildings and crows have their faces painted on them. They are the rulers of the skies and the grounds. They poison, trade and sell and are bestowed with honors and fame. Their names are well known, their voices recognized, they are loaded with honors and fortune and exalt in their happy lot. Is it so surprising then, that all the other birds want to be like a crow or a pigeon? The father, the rare bird, then continued, Are you an ambitious bird? Do you know what ambition is? It is the desire to become somebody, is it not? And do you know what it does? It causes us to be against one another. Everybody is struggling to be rich, to have fame, to be more clever. You want to be greater than the other person and he wants you to be greater than you. So ambition really means trying to be something you are not. And which is important? To be what you are or try to be something you are not? You must first look at yourselves and begin to understand what you are. And then perhaps you’ll never ask what you should do. Do not compare with what other birds are doing. Don’t try to become like them, even if everybody else becomes like them. It is hard for you because comparison is the basis of our so-called education, and of our whole culture. Comparison is the most destructive thing in the world. If you compare yourselves with others then how can you find out what you are interested in, what your capacities are? Don’t imitate, don’t try to become like anybody else, no matter how great. It is you who are important, not somebody else. Find out who you are. The two boys understood what their father said. No more did they want to be a crow or a pigeon. No more did they want to become like others. No more did they want to become common. They said to themselves, it is better to be a rare bird than to be a well known crow or a pigeon; it is better to be an unknown than a known poisonous creature; it is better to remain obscure than to shine with artificial light. خرید اینترنتی تازه ترین محصولات
منبع : خرید اینترنتی جدیدترین محصولات
تاریخ باز نشر :
زمان : 3 ماه پیش

بازنشر شده توسط : - bestofday
لینک ثابت مطلب :
امتیاز 5.0     1 تا 5
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موضوع مطلب : #

bestofday

سریال مزرعه قلبها با اتفاقات هیجان انگیز و عکس بازیگران


سریال heartland کشتزار قلبها رو ببینید سریال کشتزار قلبها در ژانر درام و خانوادگی به کارگردانی Jenn Grant از سال 2007 تاکنون از شبکه CBC در حال پخش است. بازیگران سریال کشتزار قلب ها : Amber Marshall,Graham Wardle,Michelle Morgan,Shaun Johnston,Alisha Newton,Chris Potter,Kerry James,Gabriel Hogan,Nathaniel Arcand,Jessica Steen چکیده داستان سریال کشتزار قلب ها شهر «هادسون» در کوه‌های راکی سرزمین «هارتلند» است، جایی که مزرعه‌ی خانواده‌ی «بارتلت» در آنجا پیمان دارد. هنگامی که دختر خانواده، در یک برخورد ماشین کشته می‌شود، پدربزرگش «جک»، برای اداره‌ی کشتزار با دو نوه‌ی دختر دیگرش تنها می‌ماند. دختری نوجوان و پرانرژی به نام «ایمی» و خواهر بلندپروازش، «لو». اما این خانواده به قدری در قرض و بدهی فرو رفته که شدنی است مزرعه‌ی «هارتلند» را از دست بدهد. «لو» که سخت‌کوش و عملگرا است، دوست پسر و زندگی‌اش را در شهر بزرگ نیویورک ترک می‌کند تا در اداره‌ی کشتزار کمک کند. عکسهای بازیگران سریال کشتزار قلبها پیشنهاد میکنیم مطالب زیر را نیز ملاحظه کنید سریال تلافی شیرین سریال مروارید سیاه سریال آفتاب زمستانی سریال عشق اجاره‌ای
منبع : تفریحی ، سرگرمی ، اس ام اس
تاریخ باز نشر :
زمان : 3 ماه پیش

بازنشر شده توسط : - bestofday
لینک ثابت مطلب :
امتیاز 3.0     1 تا 5
تعداد بازدید : 5

موضوع مطلب : #

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bestofday

ریمیکس زیبای Ambyx از DEEJAY AL اپیزود Episode 56 (رادیوجوان)


ریمیکس زیبای Ambyx از DEEJAY AL اپیزود Episode 56 ( رادیوجوان ) Ambyx with DeeJay AL exclusively on RJ ُسیزموزیک
منبع : ُسیزموزیک
تاریخ باز نشر :
زمان : 7 ماه پیش

بازنشر شده توسط : - bestofday
لینک ثابت مطلب :
امتیاز 3.0     1 تا 5
تعداد بازدید : 22

موضوع مطلب : #

bestofday

Conference of the Parties Twenty-first session = cop21


+ United Nations FCCC /CP/2015/L.9/Rev.1 Distr.: Limited 12 December 2015 Original: English Conference of the Parties Twenty-first session Paris, 30 November to 11 December 2015 Agenda item 4(b) Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (decision 1/CP.17) Adoption of a protocol, another legal instrument, or an agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention applicable to all Parties ADOPTION OF THE PARIS AGREEMENT Proposal by the President Draft decision -/CP.21 The Conference of the Parties , Recalling decision 1/CP.17 on the establishment of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action, Also recalling Articles 2, 3 and 4 of the Convention, Further recalling relevant decisions of the Conference of the Parties, including decisions 1/CP.16, 2/CP.18, 1/CP.19 and 1/CP.20, Welcoming the adoption of United Nations General Assembly resolution A/RES/70/1, Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development , in particular its goal 13, and the adoption of the Addis Ababa Action Agenda of the third International Conference on Financing for Development and the adoption of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, Recognizing that climate change represents an urgent and potentially irreversible threat to human societies and the planet and thus requires the widest possible cooperation by all countries, and their participation in an effective and appropriate international response, with a view to accelerating the reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions, Also recognizing that deep reductions in global emissions will be required in order to achieve the ultimate objective of the Convention and emphasizing the need for urgency in addressing climate change, Acknowledging that climate change is a common concern of humankind, Parties should, when taking action to address climate change, respect, promote and consider their respective obligations on human rights, the right to health, the rights of indigenous peoples, GE.15-21932(E) *1521932* local communities, migrants, children, persons with disabilities and people in vulnerable situations and the right to development, as well as gender equality, empowerment of women and intergenerational equity, Also acknowledging the specific needs and concerns of developing country Parties arising from the impact of the implementation of response measures and, in this regard, decisions 5/CP.7, 1/CP.10, 1/CP.16 and 8/CP.17, Emphasizing with serious concern the urgent need to address the significant gap between the aggregate effect of Parties’ mitigation pledges in terms of global annual emissions of greenhouse gases by 2020 and aggregate emission pathways consistent with holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre- industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C above pre- industrial levels, Also emphasizing that enhanced pre ‐ 2020 ambition can lay a solid foundation for enhanced post ‐ 2020 ambition, Stressing the urgency of accelerating the implementation of the Convention and its Kyoto Protocol in order to enhance pre-2020 ambition, Recognizing the urgent need to enhance the provision of finance, technology and capacity-building support by developed country Parties, in a predictable manner, to enable enhanced pre-2020 action by developing country Parties, Emphasizing the enduring benefits of ambitious and early action, including major reductions in the cost of future mitigation and adaptation efforts, Acknowledging the need to promote universal access to sustainable energy in developing countries, in particular in Africa, through the enhanced deployment of renewable energy, Agreeing to uphold and promote regional and international cooperation in order to mobilize stronger and more ambitious climate action by all Parties and non-Party stakeholders, including civil society, the private sector, financial institutions, cities and other subnational authorities, local communities and indigenous peoples,
    ADOPTION
      Decides to adopt the Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (hereinafter referred to as the Agreement ) as contained in the annex; Requests the Secretary-General of the United Nations to be the Depositary of the Agreement and to have it open for signature in New York, United States of America, from 22 April 2016 to 21 April 2017; Invites the Secretary-General to convene a high-level signature ceremony for the Agreement on 22 April 2016; Also invites all Parties to the Convention to sign the Agreement at the ceremony to be convened by the Secretary-General, or at their earliest opportunity, and to deposit their respective instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, where appropriate, as soon as possible; Recognizes that Parties to the Convention may provisionally apply all of the provisions of the Agreement pending its entry into force, and requests Parties to provide notification of any such provisional application to the Depositary; Notes that the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action, in accordance with decision 1/CP.17, paragraph 4, has been completed; Decides to establish the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement under the same arrangement, mutatis mutandis, as those concerning the election of officers to the Bureau of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action; 1 Also decides that the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement shall prepare for the entry into force of the Agreement and for the convening of the first session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement; Further decides to oversee the implementation of the work programme resulting from the relevant requests contained in this decision; Requests the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement to report regularly to the Conference of the Parties on the progress of its work and to complete its work by the first session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement; Decides that the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement shall hold its sessions starting in 2016 in conjunction with the sessions of the Convention subsidiary bodies and shall prepare draft decisions to be recommended through the Conference of the Parties to the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement for consideration and adoption at its first session;
    INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTIONS
      Welcomes the intended nationally determined contributions that have been communicated by Parties in accordance with decision 1/CP.19, paragraph 2(b); Reiterates its invitation to all Parties that have not yet done so to communicate to the secretariat their intended nationally determined contributions towards achieving the objective of the Convention as set out in its Article 2 as soon as possible and well in advance of the twenty-second session of the Conference of the Parties (November 2016) and in a manner that facilitates the clarity, transparency and understanding of the intended nationally determined contributions; Requests the secretariat to continue to publish the intended nationally determined contributions communicated by Parties on the UNFCCC website; Reiterates its call to developed country Parties, the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism and any other organizations in a position to do so to provide support for the preparation and communication of the intended nationally determined contributions of Parties that may need such support; Takes note of the synthesis report on the aggregate effect of intended nationally determined contributions communicated by Parties by 1 October 2015, contained in document FCCC/CP/2015/7; Notes with concern that the estimated aggregate greenhouse gas emission levels in 2025 and 2030 resulting from the intended nationally determined contributions do not fall within least-cost 2 ˚C scenarios but rather lead to a projected level of 55 gigatonnes in 2030, and also notes that much greater emission reduction efforts will be required than those associated with the intended nationally determined contributions in order to hold the increase in the global average temperature to below 2 ˚C above pre-industrial levels by 1 Endorsed by decision 2/CP.18, paragraph 2. reducing emissions to 40 gigatonnes or to 1.5 ˚C above pre-industrial levels by reducing to a level to be identified in the special report referred to in paragraph 21 below; Also notes, in this context, the adaptation needs expressed by many developing country Parties in their intended nationally determined contributions; Requests the secretariat to update the synthesis report referred to in paragraph 16 above so as to cover all the information in the intended nationally determined contributions communicated by Parties pursuant to decision 1/CP.20 by 4 April 2016 and to make it available by 2 May 2016; Decides to convene a facilitative dialogue among Parties in 2018 to take stock of the collective efforts of Parties in relation to progress towards the long-term goal referred to in Article 4, paragraph 1, of the Agreement and to inform the preparation of nationally determined contributions pursuant to Article 4, paragraph 8, of the Agreement; Invites the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to provide a special report in 2018 on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways;
    DECISIONS TO GIVE EFFECT TO THE AGREEMENT M ITIGATION
      Invites Parties to communicate their first nationally determined contribution no later than when the Party submits its respective instrument of ratification, accession, or approval of the Paris Agreement. If a Party has communicated an intended nationally determined contribution prior to joining the Agreement, that Party shall be considered to have satisfied this provision unless that Party decides otherwise; Urges those Parties whose intended nationally determined contribution pursuant to decision 1/CP.20 contains a time frame up to 2025 to communicate by 2020 a new nationally determined contribution and to do so every five years thereafter pursuant to Article 4, paragraph 9, of the Agreement; Requests those Parties whose intended nationally determined contribution pursuant to decision 1/CP.20 contains a time frame up to 2030 to communicate or update by 2020 these contributions and to do so every five years thereafter pursuant to Article 4, paragraph 9, of the Agreement; Decides that Parties shall submit to the secretariat their nationally determined contributions referred to in Article 4 of the Agreement at least 9 to 12 months in advance of the relevant meeting of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement with a view to facilitating the clarity, transparency and understanding of these contributions, including through a synthesis report prepared by the secretariat; Requests the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement to develop further guidance on features of the nationally determined contributions for consideration and adoption by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session; Agrees that the information to be provided by Parties communicating their nationally determined contributions, in order to facilitate clarity, transparency and understanding, may include, as appropriate, inter alia, quantifiable information on the reference point (including, as appropriate, a base year), time frames and/or periods for implementation, scope and coverage, planning processes, assumptions and methodological approaches including those for estimating and accounting for anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and, as appropriate, removals, and how the Party considers that its nationally determined contribution is fair and ambitious, in the light of its national circumstances, and how it contributes towards achieving the objective of the Convention as set out in its Article 2; Requests the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement to develop further guidance for the information to be provided by Parties in order to facilitate clarity, transparency and understanding of nationally determined contributions for consideration and adoption by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session; Also requests the Subsidiary Body for Implementation to develop modalities and procedures for the operation and use of the public registry referred to in Article 4, paragraph 12, of the Agreement, for consideration and adoption by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session; Further requests the secretariat to make available an interim public registry in the first half of 2016 for the recording of nationally determined contributions submitted in accordance with Article 4 of the Agreement, pending the adoption by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement of the modalities and procedures referred to in paragraph 29 above; Requests the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement to elaborate, drawing from approaches established under the Convention and its related legal instruments as appropriate, guidance for accounting for Parties’ nationally determined contributions, as referred to in Article 4, paragraph 13, of the Agreement, for consideration and adoption by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session, which ensures that:
        Parties account for anthropogenic emissions and removals in accordance with methodologies and common metrics assessed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and adopted by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement; Parties ensure methodological consistency, including on baselines, between the communication and implementation of nationally determined contributions; Parties strive to include all categories of anthropogenic emissions or removals in their nationally determined contributions and, once a source, sink or activity is included, continue to include it; Parties shall provide an explanation of why any categories of anthropogenic emissions or removals are excluded;
      Decides that Parties shall apply the guidance mentioned in paragraph 31 above to the second and subsequent nationally determined contributions and that Parties may elect to apply such guidance to their first nationally determined contribution; Also decides that the Forum on the Impact of the Implementation of response measures, under the subsidiary bodies, shall continue, and shall serve the Agreement; Further decides that the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation shall recommend, for consideration and adoption by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session, the modalities, work programme and functions of the Forum on the Impact of the Implementation of response measures to address the effects of the implementation of response measures under the Agreement by enhancing cooperation amongst Parties on understanding the impacts of mitigation actions under the Agreement
    and the exchange of information, experiences, and best practices amongst Parties to raise their resilience to these impacts; *
      Invites Parties to communicate, by 2020, to the secretariat mid-century, long-term low greenhouse gas emission development strategies in accordance with Article 4, paragraph 19, of the Agreement, and requests the secretariat to publish on the UNFCCC website Parties’ low greenhouse gas emission development strategies as communicated; Requests the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice to develop and recommend the guidance referred to under Article 6, paragraph 2, of the Agreement for adoption by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session, including guidance to ensure that double counting is avoided on the basis of a corresponding adjustment by Parties for both anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks covered by their nationally determined contributions under the Agreement; Recommends that the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement adopt rules, modalities and procedures for the mechanism established by Article 6, paragraph 4, of the Agreement on the basis of:
        Voluntary participation authorized by each Party involved; Real, measurable, and long-term benefits related to the mitigation of climate change; Specific scopes of activities; Reductions in emissions that are additional to any that would otherwise occur; Verification and certification of emission reductions resulting from A DAPTATION mitigation activities by designated operational entities; Experience gained with and lessons learned from existing mechanisms and approaches adopted under the Convention and its related legal instruments;
      Requests the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice to develop and recommend rules, modalities and procedures for the mechanism referred to in paragraph 38 above for consideration and adoption by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session; Also requests the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice to undertake a work programme under the framework for non-market approaches to sustainable development referred to in Article 6, paragraph 8, of the Agreement, with the objective of considering how to enhance linkages and create synergy between, inter alia, mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology transfer and capacity-building, and how to facilitate the implementation and coordination of non-market approaches; Further requests the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice to recommend a draft decision on the work programme referred to in paragraph 40 above, taking into account the views of Parties, for consideration and adoption by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session; * Paragraph 35 has been deleted, and subsequent paragraph numbering and cross references to other paragraphs within the document will be amended at a later stage. Requests the Adaptation Committee and the Least Developed Countries Expert Group to jointly develop modalities to recognize the adaptation efforts of developing country Parties, as referred to in Article 7, paragraph 3, of the Agreement, and make recommendations for consideration and adoption by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session; Also requests the Adaptation Committee, taking into account its mandate and its second three-year workplan, and with a view to preparing recommendations for consideration and adoption by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session:
        To review, in 2017, the work of adaptation-related institutional arrangements under the Convention, with a view to identifying ways to enhance the coherence of their work, as appropriate, in order to respond adequately to the needs of Parties; To consider methodologies for assessing adaptation needs with a view to assisting developing countries, without placing an undue burden on them;
      Invites all relevant United Nations agencies and international, regional and national financial institutions to provide information to Parties through the secretariat on how their development assistance and climate finance programmes incorporate climate-proofing and climate resilience measures; Requests Parties to strengthen regional cooperation on adaptation where appropriate and, where necessary, establish regional centres and networks, in particular in developing countries, taking into account decision 1/CP.16, paragraph 13; Also requests the Adaptation Committee and the Least Developed Countries Expert Group, in collaboration with the Standing Committee on Finance and other relevant institutions, to develop methodologies, and make recommendations for consideration and adoption by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session on:
        Taking the necessary steps to facilitate the mobilization of support for adaptation in developing countries in the context of the limit to global average temperature increase referred to in Article 2 of the Agreement; Reviewing the adequacy and effectiveness of adaptation and support referred to in Article 7, paragraph 14(c), of the Agreement;
      Further requests the Green Climate Fund to expedite support for the least developed countries and other developing country Parties for the formulation of national adaptation plans, consistent with decisions 1/CP.16 and 5/CP.17, and for the subsequent implementation of policies, projects and programmes identified by them; L OSS AND DAMAGE Decides on the continuation of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts, following the review in 2016; Requests the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism to establish a clearinghouse for risk transfer that serves as a repository for information on insurance and risk transfer, in order to facilitate the efforts of Parties to develop and implement comprehensive risk management strategies; Also requests the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism to establish, according to its procedures and mandate, a task force to complement, draw upon the work of and involve, as appropriate, existing bodies and expert groups under the Convention including the Adaptation Committee and the Least Developed Countries Expert Group, as well as relevant organizations and expert bodies outside the Convention, to F INANCE develop recommendations for integrated approaches to avert, minimize and address displacement related to the adverse impacts of climate change; Further requests the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism to initiate its work, at its next meeting, to operationalize the provisions referred to in paragraphs 49 and 50 above, and to report on progress thereon in its annual report; Agrees that Article 8 of the Agreement does not involve or provide a basis for any liability or compensation; Decides that, in the implementation of the Agreement, financial resources provided to developing countries should enhance the implementation of their policies, strategies, regulations and action plans and their climate change actions with respect to both mitigation and adaptation to contribute to the achievement of the purpose of the Agreement as defined in Article 2; Also decides that, in accordance with Article 9, paragraph 3, of the Agreement, developed countries intend to continue their existing collective mobilization goal through 2025 in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation; prior to 2025 the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement shall set a new collective quantified goal from a floor of USD 100 billion per year, taking into account the needs and priorities of developing countries; Recognizes the importance of adequate and predictable financial resources, including for results-based payments, as appropriate, for the implementation of policy approaches and positive incentives for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks; as well as alternative policy approaches, such as joint mitigation and adaptation approaches for the integral and sustainable management of forests; while reaffirming the importance of non-carbon benefits associated with such approaches; encouraging the coordination of support from, inter alia, public and private, bilateral and multilateral sources, such as the Green Climate Fund, and alternative sources in accordance with relevant decisions by the Conference of the Parties; Decides to initiate, at its twenty-second session, a process to identify the information to be provided by Parties, in accordance with Article 9, paragraph 5, of the Agreement with the view to providing a recommendation for consideration and adoption by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session; Also decides to ensure that the provision of information in accordance with Article 9, paragraph 7 of the Agreement shall be undertaken in accordance with modalities, procedures and guidelines referred to in paragraph 96 below; Requests Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice to develop modalities for the accounting of financial resources provided and mobilized through public interventions in accordance with Article 9, paragraph 7, of the Agreement for consideration by the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-fourth session (November 2018), with the view to making a recommendation for consideration and adoption by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session; Decides that the Green Climate Fund and the Global Environment Facility, the entities entrusted with the operation of the Financial Mechanism of the Convention, as well as the Least Developed Countries Fund and the Special Climate Change Fund, administered by the Global Environment Facility, shall serve the Agreement; Recognizes that the Adaptation Fund may serve the Agreement, subject to relevant decisions by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol and the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement; Invites the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol to consider the issue referred to in paragraph 60 above and make a recommendation to the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session; Recommends that the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement shall provide guidance to the entities entrusted with the operation of the Financial Mechanism of the Convention on the policies, programme priorities and eligibility criteria related to the Agreement for transmission by the Conference of the Parties; Decides that the guidance to the entities entrusted with the operations of the Financial Mechanism of the Convention in relevant decisions of the Conference of the Parties, including those agreed before adoption of the Agreement, shall apply mutatis mutandis; Also decides that the Standing Committee on Finance shall serve the Agreement in line with its functions and responsibilities established under the Conference of the Parties; Urges the institutions serving the Agreement to enhance the coordination and delivery of resources to support country-driven strategies through simplified and efficient application and approval procedures, and through continued readiness support to developing country Parties, including the least developed countries and small island developing States, as appropriate; T ECHNOLOGY D EVELOPMENT A ND T RANSFER Takes note of the interim report of the Technology Executive Committee on guidance on enhanced implementation of the results of technology needs assessments as referred to in document FCCC/SB/2015/INF.3; Decides to strengthen the Technology Mechanism and requests the Technology Executive Committee and the Climate Technology Centre and Network, in supporting the implementation of the Agreement, to undertake further work relating to, inter alia:
        Technology research, development and demonstration; The development and enhancement of endogenous capacities and technologies;
      Requests the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice to initiate, at its forty-fourth session (May 2016), the elaboration of the technology framework established under Article 10, paragraph 4, of the Agreement and to report on its findings to the Conference of the Parties, with a view to the Conference of the Parties making a recommendation on the framework to the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement for consideration and adoption at its first session, taking into consideration that the framework should facilitate, inter alia:
        The undertaking and updating of technology needs assessments, as well as the enhanced implementation of their results, particularly technology action plans and project ideas, through the preparation of bankable projects; The provision of enhanced financial and technical support for the implementation of the results of the technology needs assessments; The assessment of technologies that are ready for transfer; The enhancement of enabling environments for and the addressing of barriers to the development and transfer of socially and environmentally sound technologies ;
      Decides that the Technology Executive Committee and the Climate Technology Centre and Network shall report to the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement , through the subsidiary bodies, on their activities to support the implementation of the Agreement; Also decides to undertake a periodic assessment of the effectiveness of and the adequacy of the support provided to the Technology Mechanism in supporting the implementation of the Agreement on matters relating to technology development and transfer; Requests the Subsidiary Body for Implementation to initiate, at its forty-fourth session , the elaboration of the scope of and modalities for the periodic assessment referred to in paragraph 70 above, taking into account the review of the Climate Technology Centre and Network as referred to in decision 2/CP.17, annex VII, paragraph 20 and the modalities for the global stocktake referred to in Article 14 of the Agreement, for consideration and adoption by the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-fifth session (November 2019); C APACITY - BUILDING Decides to establish the Paris Committee on Capacity-building whose aim will be to address gaps and needs, both current and emerging, in implementing capacity-building in developing country Parties and further enhancing capacity-building efforts, including with regard to coherence and coordination in capacity-building activities under the Convention; Also decides that the Paris Committee on Capacity-building will manage and oversee the work plan mentioned in paragraph 74 below; Further decides to launch a work plan for the period 2016 2020 with the following activities:
        Assessing how to increase synergies through cooperation and avoid duplication among existing bodies established under the Convention that implement capacity-building activities, including through collaborating with institutions under and outside the Convention; Identifying capacity gaps and needs and recommending ways to address them; Promoting the development and dissemination of tools and methodologies for the implementation of capacity-building; Fostering global, regional, national and subnational cooperation; Identifying and collecting good practices, challenges, experiences, and lessons learned from work on capacity-building by bodies established under the Convention; Exploring how developing country Parties can take ownership of building and maintaining capacity over time and spac e; Identifying opportunities to strengthen capacity at the national, regional, and subnational level; Fostering dialogue, coordination, collaboration and coherence among relevant processes and initiatives under the Convention, including through exchanging information on capacity-building activities and strategies of bodies established under the Convention; Providing guidance to the secretariat on the maintenance and further development of the web-based capacity-building portal;
      Decides that the Paris Committee on Capacity-building will annually focus on an area or theme related to enhanced technical exchange on capacity-building, with the purpose of maintaining up-to-date knowledge on the successes and challenges in building capacity effectively in a particular area; Requests the Subsidiary Body for Implementation to organize annual in-session meetings of the Paris Committee on Capacity-building; Also requests the Subsidiary Body for Implementation to develop the terms of reference for the Paris Committee on Capacity-building, in the context of the third comprehensive review of the implementation of the capacity-building framework, also taking into account paragraphs 75, 76, 77 and 78 above and paragraphs 82 and 83 below, with a view to recommending a draft decision on this matter for consideration and adoption by the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-second session; Invites Parties to submit their views on the membership of the Paris Committee on Capacity-building by 9 March 2016; 2 Requests the secretariat to compile the submissions referred to in paragraph 78 above into a miscellaneous document for consideration by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation at its forty-fourth session; Decides that the inputs to the Paris Committee on Capacity-building will include, inter alia, submissions, the outcome of the third comprehensive review of the implementation of the capacity-building framework, the secretariat’s annual synthesis report on the implementation of the framework for capacity-building in developing countries, the secretariat’s compilation and synthesis report on capacity-building work of bodies established under the Convention and its Kyoto Protocol, and reports on the Durban Forum and the capacity-building portal; Requests the Paris Committee on Capacity-building to prepare annual technical progress reports on its work, and to make these reports available at the sessions of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation coinciding with the sessions of the Conference of the Parties; Also requests the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-fifth session (November 2019), to review the progress, need for extension, the effectiveness and enhancement of the Paris Committee on Capacity-building and to take any action it considers appropriate, with a view to making recommendations to the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session on enhancing institutional arrangements for capacity-building consistent with Article 11, paragraph 5, of the Agreement; Calls upon all Parties to ensure that education, training and public awareness, as reflected in Article 6 of the Convention and in Article 12 of the Agreement are adequately considered in their contribution to capacity-building; Invites the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session to explore ways of enhancing the implementation of 2 Parties should submit their views via the submissions portal at < http://www.unfccc.int/5900>. training, public awareness, public participation and public access to information so as to enhance actions under the Agreement; T RANSPARENCY OF ACTION AND SUPPORT Decides to establish a Capacity-building Initiative for Transparency in order to build institutional and technical capacity, both pre- and post-2020. This initiative will support developing country Parties, upon request, in meeting enhanced transparency requirements as defined in Article 13 of the Agreement in a timely manner; Also decides that the Capacity-building Initiative for Transparency will aim:
        To strengthen national institutions for transparency-related activities in line with national priorities; To provide relevant tools, training and assistance for meeting the provisions stipulated in Article 13 of the Agreement; To assist in the improvement of transparency over time;
      Urges and requests the Global Environment Facility to make arrangements to support the establishment and operation of the Capacity-building Initiative for Transparency as a priority reporting-related need, including through voluntary contributions to support developing countries in the sixth replenishment of the Global Environment Facility and future replenishment cycles, to complement existing support under the Global Environment Facility; Decides to assess the implementation of the Capacity-building Initiative for Transparency in the context of the seventh review of the financial mechanism; Requests that the Global Environment Facility, as an operating entity of the financial mechanism include in its annual report to the Conference of the Parties the progress of work in the design, development and implementation of the Capacity-building Initiative for Transparency referred to in paragraph 85 above starting in 2016; Decides that, in accordance with Article 13, paragraph 2, of the Agreement, developing countries shall be provided flexibility in the implementation of the provisions of that Article, including in the scope, frequency and level of detail of reporting, and in the scope of review, and that the scope of review could provide for in-country reviews to be optional, while such flexibilities shall be reflected in the development of modalities, procedures and guidelines referred to in paragraph 92 below; Also decides that all Parties, except for the least developed country Parties and small island developing States, shall submit the information referred to in Article 13, paragraphs 7, 8, 9 and 10, as appropriate, no less frequently than on a biennial basis, and that the least developed country Parties and small island developing States may submit this information at their discretion; Requests the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement to develop recommendations for modalities, procedures and guidelines in accordance with Article 13, paragraph 13, of the Agreement, and to define the year of their first and subsequent review and update, as appropriate, at regular intervals, for consideration by the Conference of the Parties, at its twenty-fourth session, with a view to forwarding them to the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement for adoption at its first session; Also requests the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement in developing the recommendations for the modalities, procedures and guidelines referred to in paragraph 92 above to take into account, inter alia:
        The importance of facilitating improved reporting and transparency over time; The need to provide flexibility to those developing country Parties that need it in the light of their capacities; The need to promote transparency, accuracy, completeness, consistency, and comparability; The need to avoid duplication as well as undue burden on Parties and the secretariat; The need to ensure that Parties maintain at least the frequency and quality of reporting in accordance with their respective obligations under the Convention; The need to ensure that double counting is avoided; The need to ensure environmental integrity;
      Further requests the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement, when developing the modalities, procedures and guidelines referred to in paragraph 92 above, to draw on the experiences from and take into account other on-going relevant processes under the Convention; Requests the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement, when developing modalities, procedures and guidelines referred to in paragraph 92 above, to consider, inter alia:
        The types of flexibility available to those developing countries that need it on the basis of their capacities; The consistency between the methodology communicated in the nationally determined contribution and the methodology for reporting on progress made towards achieving individual Parties’ respective nationally determined contribution; That Parties report information on adaptation action and planning including, if appropriate , their national adaptation plans, with a view to collectively exchanging information and sharing lessons learned; Support provided, enhancing delivery of support for both adaptation and mitigation through, inter alia, the common tabular formats for reporting support, and taking into account issues considered by the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice on methodologies for reporting on financial information, and enhancing the reporting by developing countries on support received, including the use, impact and estimated results thereof; Information in the biennial assessments and other reports of the Standing Committee on Finance and other relevant bodies under the Convention; Information on the social and economic impact of response measures;
      Also requests the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement, when developing recommendations for modalities, procedures and guidelines referred to in paragraph 92 above, to enhance the transparency of support provided in accordance with Article 9 of the Agreement; Further requests the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement to report on the progress of work on the modalities, procedures and guidelines referred to in paragraph 92 above to future sessions of the Conference of the Parties, and that this work be concluded no later than 2018; Decides that the modalities, procedures and guidelines developed under paragraph 92 above, shall be applied upon the entry into force of the Paris Agreement; Also decides that the modalities, procedures and guidelines of this transparency framework shall build upon and eventually supersede the measurement, reporting and verification system established by decision 1/CP.16, paragraphs 40 to 47 and 60 to 64, and decision 2/CP.17, paragraphs 12 to 62, immediately following the submission of the final biennial reports and biennial update reports; G LOBAL STOCKTAKE Requests the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement to identify the sources of input for the global stocktake referred to in Article 14 of the Agreement and to report to the Conference of the Parties, with a view to the Conference of the Parties making a recommendation to the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement for consideration and adoption at its first session, including, but not limited to:
        Information on:
          The overall effect of the nationally determined contributions communicated by Parties; The state of adaptation efforts, support, experiences and priorities from the communications referred to in Article 7, paragraphs 10 and 11, of the Agreement, and reports referred to in Article 13, paragraph 7, of the Agreement; The mobilization and provision of support;
        The latest reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change; Reports of the subsidiary bodies;
      Also requests the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice to provide advice on how the assessments of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change can inform the global stocktake of the implementation of the Agreement pursuant to its Article 14 of the Agreement and to report on this matter to the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement at its second session; Further requests the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement to develop modalities for the global stocktake referred to in Article 14 of the Agreement and to report to the Conference of the Parties, with a view to making a recommendation to the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement for consideration and adoption at its first session; F ACILITATING IMPLEMENTATION AND COMPLIANCE Decides that the committee referred to in Article 15, paragraph 2, of the Agreement shall consist of 12 members with recognized competence in relevant scientific, technical, socio-economic or legal fields, to be elected by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement on the basis of equitable geographical representation, with two members each from the five regional groups of the United Nations and one member each from the small island developing States and the least developed countries, while taking into account the goal of gender balance; Requests the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement to develop the modalities and procedures for the effective operation of the committee referred to in Article 15, paragraph 2, of the Agreement, with a view to the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement completing its work on such modalities and procedures for consideration and adoption by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session; F INAL C LAUSES Also requests the secretariat, solely for the purposes of Article 21 of the Agreement, to make available on its website on the date of adoption of the Agreement as well as in the report of the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-first session, information on the most up-to-date total and per cent of greenhouse gas emissions communicated by Parties to the Convention in their national communications, greenhouse gas inventory reports, biennial reports or biennial update reports;
    ENHANCED ACTION PRIOR TO 2020
      Resolves to ensure the highest possible mitigation efforts in the pre-2020 period, including by:
        Urging all Parties to the Kyoto Protocol that have not already done so to ratify and implement the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol; Urging all Parties that have not already done so to make and implement a mitigation pledge under the Cancun Agreements; Reiterating its resolve, as set out in decision 1/CP.19, paragraphs 3 and 4, to accelerate the full implementation of the decisions constituting the agreed outcome pursuant to decision 1/CP.13 and enhance ambition in the pre-2020 period in order to ensure the highest possible mitigation efforts under the Convention by all Parties; Inviting developing country Parties that have not submitted their first biennial update reports to do so as soon as possible; Urging all Parties to participate in the existing measurement, reporting and verification processes under the Cancun Agreements, in a timely manner, with a view to demonstrating progress made in the implementation of their mitigation pledges;
      Encourages Parties to promote the voluntary cancellation by Party and non-Party stakeholders, without double counting of units issued under the Kyoto Protocol, including certified emission reductions that are valid for the second commitment period; Urges host and purchasing Parties to report transparently on internationally transferred mitigation outcomes, including outcomes used to meet international pledges, and emission units issued under the Kyoto Protocol with a view to promoting environmental integrity and avoiding double counting; Recognizes the social, economic and environmental value of voluntary mitigation actions and their co-benefits for adaptation, health and sustainable development; Resolves to strengthen, in the period 2016 2020, the existing technical examination process on mitigation as defined in decision 1/CP.19, paragraph 5(a), and decision 1/CP.20, paragraph 19, taking into account the latest scientific knowledge, including by:
        Encouraging Parties, Convention bodies and international organizations to engage in this process, including, as appropriate, in cooperation with relevant non-Party stakeholders, to share their experiences and suggestions, including from regional events, and to cooperate in facilitating the implementation of policies, practices and actions identified during this process in accordance with national sustainable development priorities; Striving to improve, in consultation with Parties, access to and participation in this process by developing country Party and non-Party experts; Requesting the Technology Executive Committee and the Climate Technology Centre and Network in accordance with their respective mandates:
          To engage in the technical expert meetings and enhance their efforts to facilitate and support Parties in scaling up the implementation of policies, practices and actions identified during this process; To provide regular updates during the technical expert meetings on the progress made in facilitating the implementation of policies, practices and actions previously identified during this process; To include information on their activities under this process in their joint annual report to the Conference of the Parties;
        Encouraging Parties to make effective use of the Climate Technology Centre and Network to obtain assistance to develop economically, environmentally and socially viable project proposals in the high mitigation potential areas identified in this process;
      Encourages the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism of the Convention to engage in the technical expert meetings and to inform participants of their contribution to facilitating progress in the implementation of policies, practices and actions identified during the technical examination process; Requests the secretariat to organize the process referred to in paragraph 110 above and disseminate its results, including by:
        Organizing, in consultation with the Technology Executive Committee and relevant expert organizations, regular technical expert meetings focusing on specific policies, practices and actions representing best practices and with the potential to be scalable and replicable; Updating, on an annual basis, following the meetings referred to in paragraph 112(a) above and in time to serve as input to the summary for policymakers referred to in paragraph 112(c) below, a technical paper on the mitigation benefits and co-benefits of policies, practices and actions for enhancing mitigation ambition, as well as on options for supporting their implementation, information on which should be made available in a user- friendly online format; Preparing, in consultation with the champions referred to in paragraph 122 below, a summary for policymakers, with information on specific policies, practices and actions representing best practices and with the potential to be scalable and replicable, and on options to support their implementation, as well as on relevant collaborative initiatives, and publishing the summary at least two months in advance of each session of the Conference of the Parties as input for the high-level event referred to in paragraph 121 below;
      Decides that the process referred to in paragraph 110 above should be organized jointly by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation and the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice and should take place on an ongoing basis until 2020; Also decides to conduct in 2017 an assessment of the process referred to in paragraph 110 above so as to improve its effectiveness; Resolves to enhance the provision of urgent and adequate finance, technology and capacity-building support by developed country Parties in order to enhance the level of ambition of pre-2020 action by Parties, and in this regard strongly urges developed country Parties to scale up their level of financial support, with a concrete roadmap to achieve the goal of jointly providing USD 100 billion annually by 2020 for mitigation and adaptation while significantly increasing adaptation finance from current levels and to further provide appropriate technology and capacity-building support; Decides to conduct a facilitative dialogue in conjunction with the twenty-second session of the Conference of the Parties to assess the progress in implementing decision 1/CP.19, paragraphs 3 and 4, and identify relevant opportunities to enhance the provision of financial resources, including for technology development and transfer and capacity- building support, with a view to identifying ways to enhance the ambition of mitigation efforts by all Parties, including identifying relevant opportunities to enhance the provision and mobilization of support and enabling environments; Acknowledges with appreciation the results of the Lima-Paris Action Agenda, which build on the climate summit convened on 23 September 2014 by the Secretary-General of the United Nations; Welcomes the efforts of non-Party stakeholders to scale up their climate actions, and encourages the registration of those actions in the Non-State Actor Zone for Climate Action platform; 3 Encourages Parties to work closely with non-Party stakeholders to catalyse efforts to strengthen mitigation and adaptation action; Also encourages non-Party stakeholders to increase their engagement in the processes referred to in paragraph 110 above and paragraph 125 below; Agrees to convene, pursuant to decision 1/CP.20, paragraph 21, building on the Lima-Paris Action Agenda and in conjunction with each session of the Conference of the Parties during the period 2016 2020, a high-level event that:
        Further strengthens high-level engagement on the implementation of policy options and actions arising from the processes referred to in paragraph 110 above and paragraph 125 below, drawing on the summary for policymakers referred to in paragraph 112(c) above; Provides an opportunity for announcing new or strengthened voluntary efforts, initiatives and coalitions, including the implementation of policies, practices and actions arising from the processes referred to in paragraph 110 above and paragraph 125 below and presented in the summary for policymakers referred to in paragraph 112(c) above; Takes stock of related progress and recognizes new or strengthened voluntary efforts, initiatives and coalitions; Provides meaningful and regular opportunities for the effective high-level engagement of dignitaries of Parties, international organizations, international cooperative initiatives and non-Party stakeholders;
      Decides that two high-level champions shall be appointed to act on behalf of the President of the Conference of the Parties to facilitate through strengthened high-level engagement in the period 2016 2020 the successful execution of existing efforts and the scaling-up and introduction of new or strengthened voluntary efforts, initiatives and coalitions, including by:
        Working with the Executive Secretary and the current and incoming Presidents of the Conference of the Parties to coordinate the annual high-level event referred to in paragraph 121 above; Engaging with interested Parties and non-Party stakeholders, including to further the voluntary initiatives of the Lima-Paris Action Agenda; Providing guidance to the secretariat on the organization of technical expert meetings referred to in paragraph 112(a) above and paragraph 130(a) below;
      Also decides that the high-level champions referred to in paragraph 122 above should normally serve for a term of two years, with their terms overlapping for a full year to ensure continuity, such that:
        The President of the Conference of the Parties of the twenty-first session should appoint one champion, who should serve for one year from the date of the appointment until the last day of the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-second session; The President of the Conference of the Parties of the twenty-second session should appoint one champion who should serve for two years from the date of the appointment until the last day of the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-third session (November 2017); Thereafter, each subsequent President of the Conference of the Parties should appoint one champion who should serve for two years and succeed the previously appointed champion whose term has ended;
      Invites all interested Parties and relevant organizations to provide support for the work of the champions referred to in paragraph 122 above; Decides to launch, in the period 2016  2020, a technical examination process on adaptation; Also decides that the technical examination process on adaptation referred to in paragraph 125 above will endeavour to identify concrete opportunities for strengthening resilience, reducing vulnerabilities and increasing the understanding and implementation of adaptation actions; Further decides that the technical examination process referred to in paragraph 125 above should be organized jointly by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation and the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice, and conducted by the Adaptation Committee; Decides that the process referred to in paragraph 125 above will be pursued by:
        Facilitating the sharing of good practices, experiences and lessons learned; Identifying actions that could significantly enhance the implementation of adaptation actions, including actions that could enhance economic diversification and have mitigation co-benefits; Promoting cooperative action on adaptation; Identifying opportunities to strengthen enabling environments and enhance the provision of support for adaptation in the context of specific policies, practices and actions;
      Also decides that the technical examination process on adaptation referred to in paragraph 125 above will take into account the process, modalities, outputs, outcomes and lessons learned from the technical examination process on mitigation referred to in paragraph 110 above; Requests the secretariat to support the technical examination process referred to in paragraph 125 above by:
        Organizing regular technical expert meetings focusing on specific policies, strategies and actions; Preparing annually, on the basis of the meetings referred to in paragraph 130(a) above and in time to serve as an input to the summary for policymakers referred to in paragraph 112(c) above, a technical paper on opportunities to enhance adaptation action, as well as options to support their implementation, information on which should be made available in a user-friendly online format;
      Decides that in conducting the process referred to in paragraph 125 above, the Adaptation Committee will engage with and explore ways to take into account, synergize with and build on the existing arrangements for adaptation-related work programmes, bodies and institutions under the Convention so as to ensure coherence and maximum value; Also decides to conduct, in conjunction with the assessment referred to in paragraph 120 above, an assessment of the process referred to in paragraph 125 above, so as to improve its effectiveness; Invites Parties and observer organizations to submit information on the opportunities referred to in paragraph 126 above by 3 February 2016;
    NON-PARTY STAKEHOLDERS
      Welcomes the efforts of all non-Party stakeholders to address and respond to climate change, including those of civil society, the private sector, financial institutions, cities and other subnational authorities; Invites the non-Party stakeholders referred to in paragraph 134 above to scale up their efforts and support actions to reduce emissions and/or to build resilience and decrease vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change and demonstrate these efforts via the Non-State Actor Zone for Climate Action platform 4 referred to in paragraph 118 above; Recognizes the need to strengthen knowledge, technologies, practices and efforts of local communities and indigenous peoples related to addressing and responding to climate change, and establishes a platform for the exchange of experiences and sharing of best practices on mitigation and adaptation in a holistic and integrated manner; Also recognizes the important role of providing incentives for emission reduction activities, including tools such as domestic policies and carbon pricing;
    ADMINISTRATIVE AND BUDGETARY MATTERS
      Takes note of the estimated budgetary implications of the activities to be undertaken by the secretariat referred to in this decision and requests that the actions of the secretariat called for in this decision be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources; Emphasizes the urgency of making additional resources available for the implementation of the relevant actions, including actions referred to in this decision, and the implementation of the work programme referred to in paragraph 9 above; Urges Parties to make voluntary contributions for the timely implementation of this decision.
    Annex PARIS AGREEMENT The Parties to this Agreement, Being Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, hereinafter referred to as the Convention , Pursuant to the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action established by decision 1/CP.17 of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention at its seventeenth session, In pursuit of the objective of the Convention, and being guided by its principles, including the principle of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in the light of different national circumstances, Recognizing the need for an effective and progressive response to the urgent threat of climate change on the basis of the best available scientific knowledge, Also recognizing the specific needs and special circumstances of developing country Parties, especially those that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change, as provided for in the Convention, Taking full account of the specific needs and special situations of the least developed countries with regard to funding and transfer of technology, Recognizing that Parties may be affected not only by climate change, but also by the impacts of the measures taken in response to it, Emphasizing the intrinsic relationship that climate change actions, responses and impacts have with equitable access to sustainable development and eradication of poverty, Recognizing the fundamental priority of safeguarding food security and ending hunger, and the particular vulnerabilities of food production systems to the adverse impacts of climate change, Taking into account the imperatives of a just transition of the workforce and the creation of decent work and quality jobs in accordance with nationally defined development priorities, Acknowledging that climate change is a common concern of humankind, Parties should, when taking action to address climate change, respect, promote and consider their respective obligations on human rights, the right to health, the rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, migrants, children, persons with disabilities and people in vulnerable situations and the right to development, as well as gender equality, empowerment of women and intergenerational equity, Recognizing the importance of the conservation and enhancement, as appropriate, of sinks and reservoirs of the greenhouse gases referred to in the Convention, Noting the importance of ensuring the integrity of all ecosystems, including oceans, and the protection of biodiversity, recognized by some cultures as Mother Earth, and noting the importance for some of the concept of climate justice , when taking action to address climate change, Affirming the importance of education, training, public awareness, public participation, public access to information and cooperation at all levels on the matters addressed in this Agreement, Recognizing the importance of the engagements of all levels of government and various actors, in accordance with respective national legislations of Parties, in addressing climate change, Also recognizing that sustainable lifestyles and sustainable patterns of consumption and production, with developed country Parties taking the lead, play an important role in addressing climate change, Have agreed as follows: Article 1 For the purpose of this Agreement, the definitions contained in Article 1 of the Convention shall apply. In addition:
      Convention means the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, adopted in New York on 9 May 1992. Conference of the Parties means the Conference of the Parties to the Convention. Party means a Party to this Agreement.
Article 2
    This Agreement, in enhancing the implementation of the Convention, including its objective, aims to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change, in the context of sustainable development and efforts to eradicate poverty, including by:
      Holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels, recognizing that this would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change; Increasing the ability to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change and foster climate resilience and low greenhouse gas emissions development, in a manner that does not threaten food production; Making finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate- resilient development.
    This Agreement will be implemented to reflect equity and the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in the light of different national circumstances.
Article 3 As nationally determined contributions to the global response to climate change, all Parties are to undertake and communicate ambitious efforts as defined in Articles 4, 7, 9, 10, 11 and 13 with the view to achieving the purpose of this Agreement as set out in Article 2. The efforts of all Parties will represent a progression over time, while recognizing the need to support developing country Parties for the effective implementation of this Agreement. Article 4
    In order to achieve the long-term temperature goal set out in Article 2, Parties aim to reach global peaking of greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible, recognizing that peaking will take longer for developing country Parties, and to undertake rapid reductions thereafter in accordance with best available science, so as to achieve a balance between anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases in the second half of this century, on the basis of equity, and in the context of sustainable development and efforts to eradicate poverty. Each Party shall prepare, communicate and maintain successive nationally determined contributions that it intends to achieve. Parties shall pursue domestic mitigation measures, with the aim of achieving the objectives of such contributions. Each Party’s successive nationally determined contribution will represent a progression beyond the Party’s then current nationally determined contribution and reflect its highest possible ambition, reflecting its common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in the light of different national circumstances. Developed country Parties should continue taking the lead by undertaking economy-wide absolute emission reduction targets. Developing country Parties should continue enhancing their mitigation efforts, and are encouraged to move over time towards economy-wide emission reduction or limitation targets in the light of different national circumstances. Support shall be provided to developing country Parties for the implementation of this Article, in accordance with Articles 9, 10 and 11, recognizing that enhanced support for developing country Parties will allow for higher ambition in their actions . The least developed countries and small island developing States may prepare and communicate strategies, plans and actions for low greenhouse gas emissions development reflecting their special circumstances. Mitigation co-benefits resulting from Parties’ adaptation actions and/or economic diversification plans can contribute to mitigation outcomes under this Article. In communicating their nationally determined contributions, all Parties shall provide the information necessary for clarity, transparency and understanding in accordance with decision 1/CP.21 and any relevant decisions of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement. Each Party shall communicate a nationally determined contribution every five years in accordance with decision 1/CP.21 and any relevant decisions of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement and be informed by the outcomes of the global stocktake referred to in Article 14. The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement shall consider common time frames for nationally determined contributions at its first session. A Party may at any time adjust its existing nationally determined contribution with a view to enhancing its level of ambition, in accordance with guidance adopted by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement. Nationally determined contributions communicated by Parties shall be recorded in a public registry maintained by the secretariat. Parties shall account for their nationally determined contributions. In accounting for anthropogenic emissions and removals corresponding to their nationally determined contributions, Parties shall promote environmental integrity, transparency, accuracy, completeness, comparability and consistency, and ensure the avoidance of double counting, in accordance with guidance adopted by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement. In the context of their nationally determined contributions, when recognizing and implementing mitigation actions with respect to anthropogenic emissions and removals, Parties should take into account, as appropriate, existing methods and guidance under the Convention, in the light of the provisions of paragraph 13 of this Article. Parties shall take into consideration in the implementation of this Agreement the concerns of Parties with economies most affected by the impacts of response measures, particularly developing country Parties. Parties, including regional economic integration organizations and their member States, that have reached an agreement to act jointly under paragraph 2 of this Article shall notify the secretariat of the terms of that agreement, including the emission level allocated to each Party within the relevant time period, when they communicate their nationally determined contributions. The secretariat shall in turn inform the Parties and signatories to the Convention of the terms of that agreement. Each party to such an agreement shall be responsible for its emission level as set out in the agreement referred to in paragraph 16 above in accordance with paragraphs 13 and 14 of this Article and Articles 13 and 15. If Parties acting jointly do so in the framework of, and together with, a regional economic integration organization which is itself a Party to this Agreement, each member State of that regional economic integration organization individually, and together with the regional economic integration organization, shall be responsible for its emission level as set out in the agreement communicated under paragraph 16 of this Article in accordance with paragraphs 13 and 14 of this Article and Articles 13 and 15. All Parties should strive to formulate and communicate long-term low greenhouse gas emission development strategies, mindful of Article 2 taking into account their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in the light of different national circumstances.
Article 5
    Parties should take action to conserve and enhance, as appropriate, sinks and reservoirs of greenhouse gases as referred to in Article 4, paragraph 1(d), of the Convention, including forests. Parties are encouraged to take action to implement and support, including through results-based payments, the existing framework as set out in related guidance and decisions already agreed under the Convention for: policy approaches and positive incentives for activities relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon
stocks in developing countries; and alternative policy approaches, such as joint mitigation and adaptation approaches for the integral and sustainable management of forests, while reaffirming the importance of incentivizing, as appropriate, non-carbon benefits associated with such approaches. Article 6
    Parties recognize that some Parties choose to pursue voluntary cooperation in the implementation of their nationally determined contributions to allow for higher ambition in their mitigation and adaptation actions and to promote sustainable development and environmental integrity. Parties shall, where engaging on a voluntary basis in cooperative approaches that involve the use of internationally transferred mitigation outcomes towards nationally determined contributions, promote sustainable development and ensure environmental integrity and transparency, including in governance, and shall apply robust accounting to ensure, inter alia, the avoidance of double counting, consistent with guidance adopted by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement. The use of internationally transferred mitigation outcomes to achieve nationally determined contributions under this Agreement shall be voluntary and authorized by participating Parties. A mechanism to contribute to the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and support sustainable development is hereby established under the authority and guidance of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement for use by Parties on a voluntary basis. It shall be supervised by a body designated by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement, and shall aim:
      To promote the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions while fostering sustainable development; To incentivize and facilitate participation in the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions by public and private entities authorized by a Party; To contribute to the reduction of emission levels in the host Party, which will benefit from mitigation activities resulting in emission reductions that can also be used by another Party to fulfil its nationally determined contribution; and To deliver an overall mitigation in global emissions.
    Emission reductions resulting from the mechanism referred to in paragraph 4 of this Article shall not be used to demonstrate achievement of the host Party’s nationally determined contribution if used by another Party to demonstrate achievement of its nationally determined contribution. The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement shall ensure that a share of the proceeds from activities under the mechanism referred to in paragraph 4 of this Article is used to cover administrative expenses as well as to assist developing country Parties that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change to meet the costs of adaptation. The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement shall adopt rules, modalities and procedures for the mechanism referred to in paragraph 4 of this Article at its first session. Parties recognize the importance of integrated, holistic and balanced non-market approaches being available to Parties to assist in the implementation of their nationally determined contributions, in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication, in a coordinated and effective manner, including through, inter alia, mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology transfer and capacity-building, as appropriate. These approaches shall aim to:
      Promote mitigation and adaptation ambition; Enhance public and private sector participation in the implementation of nationally determined contributions; and Enable opportunities for coordination across instruments and relevant institutional arrangements.
    A framework for non-market approaches to sustainable development is hereby defined to promote the non- market approaches referred to in paragraph 8 of this Article.
Article 7
    Parties hereby establish the global goal on adaptation of enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change, with a view to contributing to sustainable development and ensuring an adequate adaptation response in the context of the temperature goal referred to in Article 2. Parties recognize that adaptation is a global challenge faced by all with local, subnational, national, regional and international dimensions, and that it is a key component of and makes a contribution to the long-term global response to climate change to protect people, livelihoods and ecosystems, taking into account the urgent and immediate needs of those developing country Parties that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. The adaptation efforts of developing country Parties shall be recognized, in accordance with the modalities to be adopted by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session. Parties recognize that the current need for adaptation is significant and that greater levels of mitigation can reduce the need for additional adaptation efforts, and that greater adaptation needs can involve greater adaptation costs. Parties acknowledge that adaptation action should follow a country-driven, gender-responsive, participatory and fully transparent approach, taking into consideration vulnerable groups, communities and ecosystems, and should be based on and guided by the best available science and, as appropriate, traditional knowledge, knowledge of indigenous peoples and local knowledge systems, with a view to integrating adaptation into relevant socioeconomic and environmental policies and actions, where appropriate. Parties recognize the importance of support for and international cooperation on adaptation efforts and the importance of taking into account the needs of developing country Parties, especially those that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. Parties should strengthen their cooperation on enhancing action on adaptation, taking into account the Cancun Adaptation Framework, including with regard to:
      Sharing information, good practices, experiences and lessons learned, including, as appropriate, as these relate to science, planning, policies and implementation in relation to adaptation actions; Strengthening institutional arrangements, including those under the Convention that serve this Agreement, to support the synthesis of relevant information and knowledge, and the provision of technical support and guidance to Parties; Strengthening scientific knowledge on climate, including research, systematic observation of the climate system and early warning systems, in a manner that informs climate services and supports decision- making; Assisting developing country Parties in identifying effective adaptation practices, adaptation needs, priorities, support provided and received for adaptation actions and efforts, and challenges and gaps, in a manner consistent with encouraging good practices; Improving the effectiveness and durability of adaptation actions.
    United Nations specialized organizations and agencies are encouraged to support the efforts of Parties to implement the actions referred to in paragraph 7 of this Article, taking into account the provisions of paragraph 5 of this Article. Each Party shall, as appropriate, engage in adaptation planning processes and the implementation of actions, including the development or enhancement of relevant plans, policies and/or contributions, which may include:
      The implementation of adaptation actions, undertakings and/or efforts; The process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans; The assessment of climate change impacts and vulnerability, with a view to formulating nationally determined prioritized actions, taking into account vulnerable people, places and ecosystems; Monitoring and evaluating and learning from adaptation plans, policies, programmes and actions; and Building the resilience of socioeconomic and ecological systems, including through economic diversification and sustainable management of natural resources.
    Each Party should, as appropriate, submit and update periodically an adaptation communication, which may include its priorities, implementation and support needs, plans and actions, without creating any additional burden for developing country Parties. The adaptation communication referred to in paragraph 10 of this Article shall be, as appropriate, submitted and updated periodically, as a component of or in conjunction with other communications or documents, including a national adaptation plan, a nationally determined contribution as referred to in Article 4, paragraph 2, and/or a national communication. The adaptation communications referred to in paragraph 10 of this Article shall be recorded in a public registry maintained by the secretariat. Continuous and enhanced international support shall be provided to developing country Parties for the implementation of paragraphs 7, 9, 10 and 11 of this Article, in accordance with the provisions of Articles 9, 10 and 11. The global stocktake referred to in Article 14 shall, inter alia:
      Recognize adaptation efforts of developing country Parties; Enhance the implementation of adaptation action taking into account the adaptation communication referred to in paragraph 10 of this Article; Review the adequacy and effectiveness of adaptation and support provided for adaptation; and Review the overall progress made in achieving the global goal on adaptation referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article.
Article 8
    Parties recognize the importance of averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change, including extreme weather events and slow onset events, and the role of sustainable development in reducing the risk of loss and damage. The Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts shall be subject to the authority and guidance of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement and may be enhanced and strengthened, as determined by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement. Parties should enhance understanding, action and support, including through the Warsaw International Mechanism, as appropriate, on a cooperative and facilitative basis with respect to loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change. Accordingly, areas of cooperation and facilitation to enhance understanding, action and support may include:
      Early warning systems; Emergency preparedness; Slow onset events; Events that may involve irreversible and permanent loss and damage; Comprehensive risk assessment and management; Risk insurance facilities, climate risk pooling and other insurance solutions; Non-economic losses; Resilience of communities, livelihoods and ecosystems.
    The Warsaw International Mechanism shall collaborate with existing bodies and expert groups under the Agreement, as well as relevant organizations and expert bodies outside the Agreement.
Article 9
    Developed country Parties shall provide financial resources to assist developing country Parties with respect to both mitigation and adaptation in continuation of their existing obligations under the Convention. Other Parties are encouraged to provide or continue to provide such support voluntarily. As part of a global effort, developed country Parties should continue to take the lead in mobilizing climate finance from a wide variety of sources, instruments and channels, noting the significant role of public funds, through a variety of actions, including supporting country-driven strategies, and taking into account the needs and priorities of developing country Parties. Such mobilization of climate finance should represent a progression beyond previous efforts. The provision of scaled-up financial resources should aim to achieve a balance between adaptation and mitigation, taking into account country-driven strategies, and the priorities and needs of developing country Parties, especially those that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change and have significant capacity constraints, such as the least developed countries and small island developing States, considering the need for public and grant-based resources for adaptation. Developed country Parties shall biennially communicate indicative quantitative and qualitative information related to paragraphs 1 and 3 of this Article, as applicable, including, as available, projected levels of public financial resources to be provided to developing country Parties. Other Parties providing resources are encouraged to communicate biennially such information on a voluntary basis. The global stocktake referred to in Article 14 shall take into account the relevant information provided by developed country Parties and/or Agreement bodies on efforts related to climate finance. Developed country Parties shall provide transparent and consistent information on support for developing country Parties provided and mobilized through public interventions biennially in accordance with the modalities, procedures and guidelines to be adopted by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement, at its first session, as stipulated in Article 13, paragraph 13. Other Parties are encouraged to do so. The Financial Mechanism of the Convention, including its operating entities, shall serve as the financial mechanism of this Agreement. The institutions serving this Agreement, including the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism of the Convention, shall aim to ensure efficient access to financial resources through simplified approval procedures and enhanced readiness support for developing country Parties, in particular for the least developed countries and small island developing States, in the context of their national climate strategies and plans.
Article 10
    Parties share a long-term vision on the importance of fully realizing technology development and transfer in order to improve resilience to climate change and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Parties, noting the importance of technology for the implementation of mitigation and adaptation actions under this Agreement and recognizing existing technology deployment and dissemination efforts, shall strengthen cooperative action on technology development and transfer. The Technology Mechanism established under the Convention shall serve this Agreement. A technology framework is hereby established to provide overarching guidance to the work of the Technology Mechanism in promoting and facilitating enhanced action on technology development and transfer in order to support the implementation of this Agreement, in pursuit of the long-term vision referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article. Accelerating, encouraging and enabling innovation is critical for an effective, long-term global response to climate change and promoting economic growth and sustainable development. Such effort shall be, as appropriate, supported, including by the Technology Mechanism and, through financial means, by the Financial Mechanism of the Convention, for collaborative approaches to research and development, and facilitating access to technology, in particular for early stages of the technology cycle, to developing country Parties. Support, including financial support, shall be provided to developing country Parties for the implementation of this Article, including for strengthening cooperative action on technology development and transfer at different stages of the technology cycle, with a view to achieving a balance between support for mitigation and adaptation. The global stocktake referred to in Article 14 shall take into account available information on efforts related to support on technology development and transfer for developing country Parties.
Article 11
    Capacity-building under this Agreement should enhance the capacity and ability of developing country Parties, in particular countries with the least capacity, such as the least developed countries, and those that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change, such as small island developing States, to take effective climate change action, including, inter alia, to implement adaptation and mitigation actions, and should facilitate technology development, dissemination and deployment, access to climate finance, relevant aspects of education, training and public awareness, and the transparent, timely and accurate communication of information. Capacity-building should be country-driven, based on and responsive to national needs, and foster country ownership of Parties, in particular, for developing country Parties, including at the national, subnational and local levels. Capacity-building should be guided by lessons learned, including those from capacity-building activities under the Convention, and should be an effective, iterative process that is participatory, cross-cutting and gender-responsive. All Parties should cooperate to enhance the capacity of developing country Parties to implement this Agreement. Developed country Parties should enhance support for capacity-building actions in developing country Parties. All Parties enhancing the capacity of developing country Parties to implement this Agreement, including through regional, bilateral and multilateral approaches, shall regularly communicate on these actions or measures on capacity-building. Developing country Parties should regularly communicate progress made on implementing capacity-building plans, policies, actions or measures to implement this Agreement. Capacity-building activities shall be enhanced through appropriate institutional arrangements to support the implementation of this Agreement, including the appropriate institutional arrangements established under the Convention that serve this Agreement. The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement shall, at its first session, consider and adopt a decision on the initial institutional arrangements for capacity-building.
Article 12 Parties shall cooperate in taking measures, as appropriate, to enhance climate change education, training, public awareness, public participation and public access to information, recognizing the importance of these steps with respect to enhancing actions under this Agreement. Article 13
    In order to build mutual trust and confidence and to promote effective implementation, an enhanced transparency framework for action and support, with built-in flexibility which takes into account Parties’ different capacities and builds upon collective experience is hereby established. The transparency framework shall provide flexibility in the implementation of the provisions of this Article to those developing country Parties that need it in the light of their capacities. The modalities, procedures and guidelines referred to in paragraph 13 of this Article shall reflect such flexibility. The transparency framework shall build on and enhance the transparency arrangements under the Convention, recognizing the special circumstances of the least developed countries and small island developing States, and be implemented in a facilitative, non-intrusive, non-punitive manner, respectful of national sovereignty, and avoid placing undue burden on Parties. The transparency arrangements under the Convention, including national communications, biennial reports and biennial update reports, international assessment and review and international consultation and analysis, shall form part of the experience drawn upon for the development of the modalities, procedures and guidelines under paragraph 13 of this Article. The purpose of the framework for transparency of action is to provide a clear understanding of climate change action in the light of the objective of the Convention as set out in its Article 2, including clarity and tracking of progress towards achieving Parties’ individual nationally determined contributions under Article 4, and Parties’ adaptation actions under Article 7, including good practices, priorities, needs and gaps, to inform the global stocktake under Article 14. The purpose of the framework for transparency of support is to provide clarity on support provided and received by relevant individual Parties in the context of climate change actions under Articles 4, 7, 9, 10 and 11, and, to the extent possible, to provide a full overview of aggregate financial support provided, to inform the global stocktake under Article 14. Each Party shall regularly provide the following information:
      A national inventory report of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases, prepared using good practice methodologies accepted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and agreed upon by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement; Information necessary to track progress made in implementing and achieving its nationally determined contribution under Article 4.
    Each Party should also provide information related to climate change impacts and adaptation under Article 7, as appropriate. Developed country Parties shall, and other Parties that provide support should, provide information on financial, technology transfer and capacity-building support provided to developing country Parties under Article 9, 10 and 11. Developing country Parties should provide information on financial, technology transfer and capacity-building support needed and received under Articles 9, 10 and 11. Information submitted by each Party under paragraphs 7 and 9 of this Article shall undergo a technical expert review, in accordance with decision 1/CP.21. For those developing country Parties that need it in the light of their capacities, the review process shall include assistance in identifying capacity-building needs. In addition, each Party shall participate in a facilitative, multilateral consideration of progress with respect to efforts under Article 9, and its respective implementation and achievement of its nationally determined contribution. The technical expert review under this paragraph shall consist of a consideration of the Party’s support provided, as relevant, and its implementation and achievement of its nationally determined contribution. The review shall also identify areas of improvement for the Party, and include a review of the consistency of the information with the modalities, procedures and guidelines referred to in paragraph 13 of this Article, taking into account the flexibility accorded to the Party under paragraph 2 of this Article. The review shall pay particular attention to the respective national capabilities and circumstances of developing country Parties. The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement shall, at its first session, building on experience from the arrangements related to transparency under the Convention, and elaborating on the provisions in this Article, adopt common modalities, procedures and guidelines, as appropriate, for the transparency of action and support. Support shall be provided to developing countries for the implementation of this Article. Support shall also be provided for the building of transparency-related capacity of developing country Parties on a continuous basis.
Article 14
    The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement shall periodically take stock of the implementation of this Agreement to assess the collective progress towards achieving the purpose of this Agreement and its long-term goals (referred to as the global stocktake ). It shall do so in a comprehensive and facilitative manner, considering mitigation, adaptation and the means of implementation and support, and in the light of equity and the best available science. The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement shall undertake its first global stocktake in 2023 and every five years thereafter unless otherwise decided by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement. The outcome of the global stocktake shall inform Parties in updating and enhancing, in a nationally determined manner, their actions and support in accordance with the relevant provisions of this Agreement, as well as in enhancing international cooperation for climate action.
Article 15
    A mechanism to facilitate implementation of and promote compliance with the provisions of this Agreement is hereby established. The mechanism referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall consist of a committee that shall be expert-based and facilitative in nature and function in a manner that is transparent, non-adversarial and non-punitive. The committee shall pay particular attention to the respective national capabilities and circumstances of Parties. The committee shall operate under the modalities and procedures adopted by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its first session and report annually to the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement.
Article 16
    The Conference of the Parties, the supreme body of the Convention, shall serve as the meeting of the Parties to this Agreement. Parties to the Convention that are not Parties to this Agreement may participate as observers in the proceedings of any session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to this Agreement. When the Conference of the Parties serves as the meeting of the Parties to this Agreement, decisions under this Agreement shall be taken only by those that are Parties to this Agreement. When the Conference of the Parties serves as the meeting of the Parties to this Agreement, any member of the Bureau of the Conference of the Parties representing a Party to the Convention but, at that time, not a Party to this Agreement, shall be replaced by an additional member to be elected by and from amongst the Parties to this Agreement. The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement shall keep under regular review the implementation of this Agreement and shall make, within its mandate, the decisions necessary to promote its effective implementation. It shall perform the functions assigned to it by this Agreement and shall:
      Establish such subsidiary bodies as deemed necessary for the implementation of this Agreement; and Exercise such other functions as may be required for the implementation of this Agreement.
    The rules of procedure of the Conference of the Parties and the financial procedures applied under the Convention shall be applied mutatis mutandis under this Agreement, except as may be otherwise decided by consensus by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement. The first session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement shall be convened by the secretariat in conjunction with the first session of the Conference of the Parties that is scheduled after the date of entry into force of this Agreement. Subsequent ordinary sessions of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement shall be held in conjunction with ordinary sessions of the Conference of the Parties, unless otherwise decided by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement. Extraordinary sessions of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement shall be held at such other times as may be deemed necessary by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement or at the written request of any Party, provided that, within six months of the request being communicated to the Parties by the secretariat, it is supported by at least one third of the Parties. The United Nations and its specialized agencies and the International Atomic Energy Agency, as well as any State member thereof or observers thereto not party to the Convention, may be represented at sessions of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement as observers. Any body or agency, whether national or international, governmental or non-governmental, which is qualified in matters covered by this Agreement and which has informed the secretariat of its wish to be represented at a session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement as an observer, may be so admitted unless at least one third of the Parties present object. The admission and participation of observers shall be subject to the rules of procedure referred to in paragraph 5 of this Article.
Article 17
    The secretariat established by Article 8 of the Convention shall serve as the secretariat of this Agreement. Article 8, paragraph 2, of the Convention on the functions of the secretariat, and Article 8, paragraph 3, of the Convention, on the arrangements made for the functioning of the secretariat, shall apply mutatis mutandis to this Agreement. The secretariat shall, in addition, exercise the functions assigned to it under this Agreement and by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement.
Article 18
    The Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation established by Articles 9 and 10 of the Convention shall serve, respectively, as the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation of this Agreement. The provisions of the Convention relating to the functioning of these two bodies shall apply mutatis mutandis to this Agreement. Sessions of the meetings of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation of this Agreement shall be held in conjunction with the meetings of, respectively, the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation of the Convention. Parties to the Convention that are not Parties to this Agreement may participate as observers in the proceedings of any session of the subsidiary bodies. When the subsidiary bodies serve as the subsidiary bodies of this Agreement, decisions under this Agreement shall be taken only by those that are Parties to this Agreement. When the subsidiary bodies established by Articles 9 and 10 of the Convention exercise their functions with regard to matters concerning this Agreement, any member of the bureaux of those subsidiary bodies representing a Party to the Convention but, at that time, not a Party to this Agreement, shall be replaced by an additional member to be elected by and from amongst the Parties to this Agreement.
Article 19
    Subsidiary bodies or other institutional arrangements established by or under the Convention, other than those referred to in this Agreement, shall serve this Agreement upon a decision of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement. The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement shall specify the functions to be exercised by such subsidiary bodies or arrangements. The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement may provide further guidance to such subsidiary bodies and institutional arrangements.
Article 20
    This Agreement shall be open for signature and subject to ratification, acceptance or approval by States and regional economic integration organizations that are Parties to the Convention. It shall be open for signature at the United Nations Headquarters in New York from 22 April 2016 to 21 April 2017. Thereafter, this Agreement shall be open for accession from the day following the date on which it is closed for signature. Instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession shall be deposited with the Depositary. Any regional economic integration organization that becomes a Party to this Agreement without any of its member States being a Party shall be bound by all the obligations under this Agreement. In the case of regional economic integration organizations with one or more member States that are Parties to this Agreement, the organization and its member States shall decide on their respective responsibilities for the performance of their obligations under this Agreement. In such cases, the organization and the member States shall not be entitled to exercise rights under this Agreement concurrently. In their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, regional economic integration organizations shall declare the extent of their competence with respect to the matters governed by this Agreement. These organizations shall also inform the Depositary, who shall in turn inform the Parties, of any substantial modification in the extent of their competence.
Article 21
    This Agreement shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date on which at least 55 Parties to the Convention accounting in total for at least an estimated 55 percent of the total global greenhouse gas emissions have deposited their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession. Solely for the limited purpose of paragraph 1 of this Article, total global greenhouse gas emissions means the most up-to-date amount communicated on or before the date of adoption of this Agreement by the Parties to the Convention. For each State or regional economic integration organization that ratifies, accepts or approves this Agreement or accedes thereto after the conditions set out in paragraph 1 of this Article for entry into force have been fulfilled, this Agreement shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date of deposit by such State or regional economic integration organization of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession. For the purposes of paragraph 1 of this Article, any instrument deposited by a regional economic integration organization shall not be counted as additional to those deposited by its member States.
Article 22 The provisions of Article 15 of the Convention on the adoption of amendments to the Convention shall apply mutatis mutandis to this Agreement. Article 23
    The provisions of Article 16 of the Convention on the adoption and amendment of annexes to the Convention shall apply mutatis mutandis to this Agreement. Annexes to this Agreement shall form an integral part thereof and, unless otherwise expressly provided for, a reference to this Agreement constitutes at the same time a reference to any annexes thereto. Such annexes shall be restricted to lists, forms and any other material of a descriptive nature that is of a scientific, technical, procedural or administrative character.
Article 24 The provisions of Article 14 of the Convention on settlement of disputes shall apply mutatis mutandis to this Agreement. Article 25
    Each Party shall have one vote, except as provided for paragraph 2 of this Article. Regional economic integration organizations, in matters within their competence, shall exercise their right to vote with a number of votes equal to the number of their member States that are Parties to this Agreement. Such an organization shall not exercise its right to vote if any of its member States exercises its right, and vice versa.
Article 26 The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall be the Depositary of this Agreement. Article 27 No reservations may be made to this Agreement. Article 28
    At any time after three years from the date on which this Agreement has entered into force for a Party, that Party may withdraw from this Agreement by giving written notification to the Depositary. Any such withdrawal shall take effect upon expiry of one year from the date of receipt by the Depositary of the notification of withdrawal, or on such later date as may be specified in the notification of withdrawal. Any Party that withdraws from the Convention shall be considered as also having withdrawn from this Agreement.
Article 29 The original of this Agreement, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. DONE at Paris this twelfth day of December two thousand and fifteen. IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, being duly authorized to that effect, have signed this Agreement.

منبع : نادر آرمیان
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bestofday

10فناوری جذاب سال که شیوه‌ی زندگی‌مان را تغییر می‌دهد


فناوری با سرعت به پیش می‌رود و هر روز با شعبده‌ی جدیدی کاربران را مسحور می‌کند. اما از میان این خیل عظیم، تنها شماری راه کارایی بر زندگی روزمره مردم را پیدا می‌کنند. در این نوشتار با 10 فناوری نو و نوآورانه آشنا خواهید شد که بسیاری معتقدند در آینده به نحوی بر زندگی شما کارساز خواهند بود. اطلاعات اشیا (Information of Everything) این ایده سر و صدای زیادی به پا کرده؛ دستگاه‌های هوشمند با کاربردهای مختلف، گونه ها پیام‌های متنی، ویدیویی، صوتی یا ترکیبی از همه این‌ها را ارسال می‌کنند. یکی از تحلیل‌گران فناوری اطلاعات می‌گوید: «با داشتن اطلاعات همه‌ی اشیا توانا خواهیم بود داده‌هایی که از منابع گوناگون به‌دست می‌آوریم را در موارد موردنظر به کار بگیریم.» این‌ها اطلاعاتی هستند که همیشه هستی داشته‌اند اما تاکنون امکان گردآوری، تکمیل و ذخیره‌سازی آن‌ها در پایگاه‌های داده را نداشته‌ایم. از این روش خواهیم توانست از این داده‌های گنگ و نامفهوم اطلاعات سودمند و کاربردی استخراج کنیم. چه هنگام راینترنت اشیابخوانید چه اینترنت داده‌ها یا اطلاعات اشیا، یک چیز مشخص است این‌که در سال‌های پیش رو اطلاعات بیشتری تولید خواهد شد و این آینده را دگرگون خواهد کرد. شبکه‌ی بستگی دستگاه‌ها (The Device Mesh) تلفن‌های هوشمند ابتدای راه تغییر هستند. یک شبکه از دستگاه‌ها یعنی دسترسی به اطلاعات و اپلیکیشن‌ها از راه هر دستگاهی که فکرش را بکنید؛ تلفن، ساعت و گونه ها پوشیدنی‌ها یا حتی تلویزیون و خانه و خودرو! شبکه‌ی دستگاه‌ها ذاتا بخشی ازاینترنت اشیااست. اپلیکیشن‌هایی مثل Waze در همین راستا جهت تبدیل خودروها به اطلاعات لحظه‌ای ترافیک کنش می‌کنند. «شبکه‌ی دستگاه‌ها» آمده تا راه رسیدن به آرزوی اینترنت اشیا را هموار کند. ‌‌ پرینت سه‌بعدی (3D Printing) برخلاف نظر برخی که فکر می‌کنند سر و صدای به پا شده درباره چاپ سه‌بعدی یک جو کوتاه مدت است، با گسترش موادی که امکان چاپ با این روش را پیدا می‌کنند نفوذ آن‌ها روز به روز بیشتر می‌شود. از هواپیما تا خودرو و انرژی و صنایع نظامی، همه‌جا از مزایای این چاپگرها کاربرد می‌کنند. وقتی گفتگو از گونه ها مواد می‌کنیم منظورمان مواد غذایی هم هست. چیزی که منجر به چاپ خوراک می‌شود. با پیشرفت چاپگرهای سه‌بعدی تصور یک پیتزای چاپ‌شده چندان دور از ذهن نیست. از این مهم‌تر موردی است که هنگام ر زیست‌چاپ (bioprinting) می‌خوانیم؛ یعنی چاپ اندام گوناگون یک فرد دقیقا مانند نمونه‌ی اصلی. اندیشه این‌که به کمک این روش چه تحولی در زندگی معلولان حرکتی به هستی خواهد آمد به راستی شوق‌انگیز است. ‌‌‌ تجربه‌ی کاربری محیطی (Ambient User Experiences) واقعیت مجازی(VR)،واقعیت افزوده(AR) و ابزارهای تکمیل محیط مباحثی هستند که خیلی زود جای خود را محافل علمی باز کرده‌اند. شرکت‌های زیادی را به سرمایه‌گذاری در این حوزه‌ها دلبستگی نشان داده‌اند. فناوری‌های بر پایه ابَر مکان یا همان هایپر-لوکیشن (به معنی محیط فیزیکی پیرامون به همراه اطلاعاتی که به شیوه‌های گوناگون در اختیار کاربر پیمان می‌گیرند) کلید رسیدن به تجربه کاربری محیطی هستند؛ چیزی که با اپلیکیشن‌های امروزی که تنها از راه حسگرهای گوناگون اطراف‌شان را درک می‌کنند تفاوت دارد. این بار به‌جای این‌که کاربر مثلا دنبال هتلی برای ماندن بگردد، دستگاه بر بنیاد گزینش دفعه‌ی قبل او، هتل پسندیده را گزینش می‌کند. ترکیبی از آدمی و المان‌های فیزیکی؛ حالات روحی، عادات، علایق ارتباطات اجتماعی، وظایف فعلی، اهداف کلی، موقعیت، نور، فشار، نویز و جو محیط، همه از عواملی هستند که تک‌تک رصد و مورد کاربرد پیمان می‌گیرند. ‌‌‌ دستگاه‌های یادگیرنده‌ی پیشرفته (Advanced Machine Learning) فناوری دیگری که از سال آینده به پس و در بستگی با اطلاعات اشیا گسترش خواهد یافت دستگاه‌های یادگیرنده‌ی پیشرفته است؛ رایانه‌هایی که خودشان و با اطلاعاتی که خود کسب کرده‌اند داده‌ها را پردازش می‌کنند. چیزی که درنهایت به هوش مصنوعی ختم می‌شود. این دستگاه‌ها برای تحلیل داده‌های پیچیده نیازمند شبکه‌های عصبی گود (DNN)هستند که به آن‌ها امکان کنش مستقل و پی بردن از محیط پیرامون را بدهد. شبکه‌ی عصبی گود همان چیزی است که هوشمندی دستگاه‌های هوشمند را مایه می‌شود. در این میان، شرکت‌هایی که بتوانند کاربرد بهتری برای دستگاه‌های یادگیرنده پیشرفته ارایه کنند نسبت به رقبای خود موفق‌تر خواهند بود. دستیارهای مجازی (Virtual Assistants) سخت‌افزار کار خودش را انجام داده و از این پس نرم‌افزار است سکان تغییر آینده را به دست می‌گیرد؛ خودتان را مشغول وسایل نقلیه خودکار نکنید، آینده را دستیارهای مجازی و مشاوران هوشمند خواهند ساخت. گوگل ناو (Google Now)، کورتانا (Cortana)، الکسا (Alexa) و سیری (Siri) تازه نخست راه هستند. طی پنج سال پدران به سمت دنیای «پسا اپلیکیشن» جنبش خواهیم کرد. هنگام هنگام دستیارهای هوشمند کارهای گوناگون ما را انجام می‌دهند. درنهایت آدمی با برون‌سپاری کارها به این دستیارها، بر اموری که تنها از پس انسان بر می‌آید متمرکز می‌شود. این پدیده در 20 سال آینده پیوسته رشد خواهد کرد و زندگی آدمی را به‌کل دست‌خوش تغییر می‌کند. معماری امنیتی تطبیقی (Adaptive Scurity Architechture) با افزایش تجارت‌های دیجیتال، هکرها هم بیشتر می‌شوند و با فزونی این گونه تهدیدها شاهد پایان عمر ضدویروس‌ها خواهیم بود. بدافزارهای گریز جدید می‌توانند خود را از دید نرم‌افزارهای ویروس‌یاب پنهان کنند. پس ناچاریم به گونه ای با تغییر معماری‌های امنیتی، نرم‌افزارهای خودمحافظ ایجاد کنیم تا پیوسته در حال بررسی و وارسی داده‌ها باشند و حتی در چهره لزوم تغییراتی در خود برای شناخت بدافزارهای جدید ایجاد کنند. ارسال‌کننده‌های بلوتوث (‌‌Bluetooth Beacons) ارسال‌کننده‌های بلوتوث برای ارسال اعلان‌ها و اطلاعیه‌ها در فروشگاه‌ها، موزه‌ها، هتل‌ها و فرودگاه‌های زیادی نصب می‌شوند. با این ارسال‌کننده‌ها می‌توان فناوری‌های مرتبط با کسب‌‌و‌کارها را به حوزه‌ی اینترنت اشیا برد. در پایان ارسال‌کننده‌های بلوتوثی دودمان 4٫2 در همه‌ی سطوح با اینترنت اشیای شهرها و خانه‌های هوشمند ادغام و پیوسته شده و بخشی از پازل تغییر آینده را پر می‌کنند. ‌‌‌ بستر اینترنت اشیا (IoT Platforms) روزی نیست که یکی از شرکت‌ها مدعی بهترین بودن بسترش برایاینترنت اشیانشود. اینترنت اشیا مکملی است برای شبکه‌ی دیجیتال و تجربه‌ی کاربری محیطی و همه‌ی این‌ها وقتی میسر می‌شوند که بستری کارآمد برای اینترنت اشیا هستی داشته باشد. هر شیوه‌ی جدیدی برای اینترنت اشیا باید نخست یک راهبرد درست در بسترسازی آن ارایه دهد و تا یک بستر یکتا و جامع هستی نداشته باشد رسیدن به هدف اینترنت اشیا بسیار سخت خواهد بود. این چیزی است که چند سال آینده شرکت‌های فناوری را به خود مشغول خواهد کرد. معماری سیستمی پیشرفته (Advanced System Architecture) با توسعه‌ی شبکه‌های دیجیتال و دستگاه‌های هوشمند، محاسبات کامپیوتری وارد فاز جدیدی می‌شوند. به کمک معماری کارآمد عصب‌ریختی (Neuromorphic) وFPGA هبه رایانه‌هایی با سرعتی بیش از یک ترافلا پخواهیم رسید. سامانه‌هایی که بر بنیاد یکتا پردازش گرافیک و FPGA ایجاد می‌شوند عملکردی شبیه مغز انسان خواهند داشت. با معماری بر پایه FPGA می‌توان الگوریتم‌ها را به اجزای کوچک‌تر پخش کرد و به بهره‌وری انرژی بیشتری دست یافت. برآیند اینکه ماشین‌های یادگیرنده‌ی پیشرفته هرجا که دستگاه‌های اینترنت اشیا باشند حضور خواهند داشت؛ یعنی در خانه‌ها، خودروها، ساعت‌ها و حتی در تن انسان‌ها. فکر می‌کنید اگر روزی همه‌ی این فناوری‌ها عملی شوند، تغییر رخ داده در زندگی بشر، زندگی او را بهتر خواهد کرد؟
منبع : مُدیتـــــــــــالـــــــــــــورژ(مدیریت و متالورژی)
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دانلود فیلم هندی دوبله فارسی جنجال


دانلود فیلم هندی دوبله فارسی جنجال نام فیلم : جنجال نام انگلیسی : Hulchul کارگردان : پریادارشان بازیگران : آمریش پوری - سونیل شتی - جکی شروف - ارشد وارسی - آرباز خان - پارش راوال - کارینا کاپور - آکشی خانا تاریخ انتشار : 2004 مدت فیلم : 166 محصول کشور : هندوستان لینک آی ام دی بی : Hulchul (2004) - IMDb لینک دانلود : بخش اول : janjal.A.surenamb.rozblog.com.avi لینک دوم بخش دوم : janjal.B.surenamb.rozblog.com.avi اختصاصی : surenamb به سوی جنوب - وسترن
منبع : به سوی جنوب - وسترن
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ODIS V3.0.1 is tested ok on VAS 5054A Plus diagnostic interface


ODIS V3.0.1 is newly released and tested ok on VAS 5054A Plus diagnostic interface. This VAS 5054A Plus ODIS V3.0.1 with OKI chip and original Bluetooth AMB 2300 V4.0 can support UDS protocol. VAS 5054A Plus share the same function with VAS 5054A which is well-known as a designated universal diagnostic tool for VW group vehicles: VW, AUDI, SKODA, SEAT, Bentley and Lamborghini. VAS 5054A Plus can connect with computer by USB or Bluetooth ( Bluetooth Connection Password: 082145725) The range of Bluetooth connection is 2 to 5 meters, depending on the environment and the type of Bluetooth adapter used on the PC side. VAS 5054A Plus ODIS V3.0.1 supported languages: English/Japanese/Portuguese/Romanian/Korean/Dutch/Polish/Turkish/Spanish/French/Italian/Croatian/Danish/German/Swedish/Finnish/Slovenian/Czech/Russian/Greek/Chinese VAS 5054A Plus supported protocols: K line (ISO9141-2) High-speed CAN (ISO 1180-2) Low-speed CAN (ISO 1180-3) J1850 (SAE J1850) UDS Protocol PWM Protocol Computer requirements ODIS V3.0.1 tested on VAS 5054A Plus: Windows System Language: American English Windows 7 32 bit System C disk have to be NTFS format Local C disk need to have at least 40GB space for installing ODIS V3.0.1 How to Install VAS 5054A Plus ODIS V3.0.1 on Windows 7? (Same Video guide as VAS 5054A) More information about VAS 5054A Plus you can check: http://www.eobdtool.co.uk/wholesale/vas-5054-plus-bluetooth.html VAS 5054A Plus port: VAS 5054A Plus ODIS V3.0.1 PCB with port: VAS 5054A Plus OKI chip PCB look: VAS 5054A Plus original Bluetooth AMB 2300 V4.0: This is from EOBDTOOL website technical support: ODIS V3.0.1 is tested ok on VAS 5054A Plus diagnostic interface
منبع : obdtool another blog
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گزارش تصویری همایش مهرآوران بهار موسسه بین المللی سفیران صلح جهت حمایت از بیماران خاص


گزارش تصویری همایش مهرآوران بهار موسسه بین المللی سفیران صلح جهت حمایت از بیماران خاص گزارش تصویری همایش مهرآوران بهار موسسه بین المللی سفیران صلح جهت حمایت از بیماران خاص گزارش تصویری همایش مهرآوران بهار موسسه بین المللی سفیران صلح جهت حمایت از بیماران خاص گزارش تصویری همایش مهرآوران بهار موسسه بین المللی سفیران صلح جهت حمایت از بیماران خاص گزارش تصویری همایش مهرآوران بهار موسسه بین المللی سفیران صلح جهت حمایت از بیماران خاص موسسه بین المللی سفیران صلح در مورخه ۹۴/۱۱/۲۷ همایش تحت عنوان مهر آوران بهار را در حوزه هنری تالار اندیشه تهران جهت حمایت از بیماران خاص ،صعب العلاج وسرطانی با مشارکت مجمع خیرین حمایت از بیماریهای خاص برگزار کرد INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION
منبع : ابراهیم صنوبر
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بازنشر شده توسط : - bestofday
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امتیاز 4.0     1 تا 5
تعداد بازدید : 11

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bestofday

La Liga - Tottenham 1-5 Espa?a ni?o Camisetas de f?tbol Newcas


hora de Beijing el día 15 Mayo noche, 2015-16 temporada, España niño Camisetas de fútbol los primeros 38 Premier League, Tottenham Hotspur huésped en St James "Park fueron golpeados por 5-1 ante el Newcastle United en el pie, la mano sobre el segundo lugar para dar rivales Arsenal (datos) solamente tercero. Wöhner Durham anotó dos veces, Alang Si, Mitt Pavlovic y Jan Matt construcción de una potencia. Tottenham Lamela sólo sacó un minuto atrás. Newcastle United ha sido identificado rebaja, el campo será su despedida el hogar de la guerra, por lo que esperamos urraca comodidad victoria legión de fans. Tottenham es actualmente el tercer conducen dos puntos del Arsenal, el campo que necesitan para asegurarse de obtener el segundo puesto con una victoria en el ranking. Al mismo tiempo, Kane también está a la espera de competir por los objetivos Bota de Oro. Para ambas partes, esto es algo que debe competitividad del juego. El campo está todavía Tottenham formación de descarga de 4231, Kane como una sola flecha, alas Lamela Heung-Min y volar, creador de juego Eriksson, Deere y cintura doble Mason. De nuevo en línea, Stewart y Henry Vail pasan socio corredor, Ben - Davis y Walker ambos lados de, o portero Loris. Newcastle United, la parte superior Mitte Pavlovic Montar repentina, Townsend, Moussa - Sissoko y emboscada Wöhner Durham atrás. Los primeros 2 minutos, pasan a Heung-Min, Walker centro de enchufe derecho del área. Un minuto más tarde, Lamela bola, Eriksson golpeado largo alcance mosca. 8 minutos, pase venal Durham, de largo alcance Colbeck fue bloqueado, Checo Camisetas de fútbol seguido de cabecera Mitt Pavlovic fue Loris resuelto. Los primeros 10 minutos, pasando Townsend, Mitte Pavlovic volvieron a disparar guardia Dangxia. Dos minutos más tarde, Mitt Pavlovic pasar, de largo alcance de Townsend por arriba del travesaño. Los primeros 16 minutos, Moussa - tiros largos Sissoko fue bloqueado. Los primeros 19 minutos del partido, Moussa - Sissoko dejaron el pase área restringida, el balón Mitte Pavlovic inteligente, Wehnelt condenación sigue fuego golpeó la esquina inferior derecha, Newcastle United 1 Tottenham 0 en el marcador. 22 minutos, Henry Vail pasan el cierre disparado hacia atrás. Los primeros 32 minutos, Townsend enviarán pase, el tiro Mitt Pavlovic Dangxia portero. Un minuto más tarde, Lamela Tupofenqiu disparos de largo, el balón fue resuelto portero. Los primeros 36 minutos, de largo alcance de Walker sobre la barra. Los primeros 39 minutos, en el lado derecho rápida Tupofenqiu Townsend, Moussa - Sissoko a la derecha en calma asesinato biografía de fabricación, encabezado Mitte Pavlovic Qiangdian golpeó la esquina inferior derecha, Newcastle United 2-0 para ampliar la ventaja ventaja. Los primeros 45 minutos, pasando Kane, disparo de Eriksson fue el portero valiente Dangxia. Medio tiempo, los Spurs dos goles de Newcastle. Los primeros 54 minutos, Eriksson pasar de largo alcance Deere se bloqueó la línea de fondo. Tres minutos más tarde, de largo alcance de Eriksson ha sido guardia Dangxia. Los primeros 59 minutos, el - Davis pase a la izquierda, Alemania Camisetas de fútbol la puerta fue el portero resolvió Lamela. Los primeros 60 minutos, después de Kane Qianchangduanqiu bola, enviaron un pase corto después del viaje a través del Erickson, Deere carretera recta decisiva, a la izquierda de la zona restringida Lamela ángulo cero dirige la pelota en la esquina superior izquierda increíble Tottenham para empatar 1 a 2. Los primeros 65 minutos, Lamela pasan, restringida a la puerta de la derecha era Aonuo Ma Dangxia portero. Dos minutos más tarde, Mitte Pavlovic fue expulsado por falta grave Walker, Newcastle United con 10 hombres. El primeros 68 minutos, pase Lamela, Eriksson largo alcance ligeramente por arriba del travesaño. Los primeros 72 minutos, Moussa - Sissoko Riding puestos de control Solo entran en la zona restringida, el árbitro decisivo penal. Wöhner condenación saque cirujano golpeó la esquina inferior derecha del portero engañado, Newcastle United 1 3 Tottenham plomo. Los primeros 75 minutos, Thomas - Carroll pasan de largo alcance Kane Dangxia guardia. Los primeros 77 minutos, el balón Eriksson, Thomas - de largo alcance de Carol desviado del palo derecho objetivo. Dos minutos más tarde, una cruz Langsi, Moussa - Sissoko disparo y Loris salvó la línea de fondo. Los primeros 81 minutos, pasando Matt Young, Moussa - Sissoko largo alcance desviado del palo derecho objetivo. Los primeros 84 minutos, Townsend disparo en ráfaga en el objetivo correcto de post emergente. Luego de carga del lado derecho insertado Matt Young, un punto Langsi después de parar Leipzig tuvo éxito, Newcastle United para volver a escribir la puntuación de 4 a 1. Los primeros 86 minutos, el centrocampista de Newcastle roba formaron tres Alang Si carretera puntos docena II patrón de contragolpe tiro, el lado derecho del tapón de velocidad Yang Matt Tuishe golpe lejos de esquina, con el tiempo Newcastle United 5 a 1 victoria sobre el Tottenham esto se traduce en última instancia, sólo se Tottenham Liga segundo puesto, mientras que el Arsenal vino de atrás para conseguir el segundo puesto. Las dos partes Alineación: Newcastle United (4-2-3-1): Porteros: 26 Total Krumlov Defensas: Matt Ene 22, N ° 18 Mbemba, 27 Stephen - Taylor, N ° 3 Du Meite El centrocampista: 24 Tioté (62 minutos, 12 Sher), N ° 4 Colbeck Centrocampistas: 25 Townsend, No. 7 Moussa - Sissoko (84 minutos, 42 Sterry), N ° 5 Wehnelt Durham (76 minutos, 16 A Langsi) Delanteros: 45 Mitte Pavlovic Tottenham (4-2-3-1): Porteros: 1 Loris Defensas: 2 Walker (71 minutos, 22 Chudleigh), N ° 4 Dugard, en la 5ª virton Henry, este 33 - Davis Mediocampista: Deere 15, No. 8 Mason (46 minutos, 28 Thomas - Carroll) Centrocampistas: el 11 de Lamela, 23 Eriksson, 7 Heung-Min (46 minutos, 25 Aonuo Ma) Delanteros: 10 Kane (Media luna del verano)
منبع : belgiendrtrt
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بازنشر شده توسط : - bestofday
لینک ثابت مطلب :
امتیاز 4.0     1 تا 5
تعداد بازدید : 7

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bestofday

دانلود فیلم The Danish Girl 2015 دختر دانمارکی


دانلود رایگان فیلم The Danish Girl 2015 با لینک سر راست ( کیفیت شگفت انگیز Bluray 1080p , x265 اضافه شد ) ( لینک سر راست / کیفیت شگفت انگیز / فرآورده انگلستان , آلمان , آمریکا ) ژانر : زندگی نامه , درام ستارگان : Amber Heard, Alicia Vikander, Eddie Redmayne کارگردان : Tom Hooper امتیاز : 6.9/10 کیفیت : Bluray 720p , Bluray 1080p , x265 اسکرین شات : دارد لینک دانلود : لینک سر راست پرسرعت / Direct اطلاعات بیشتر : IMDB چکیده داستان : فیلم در سالهای اولیه دهه ی 20 میلادی رخداد می افتد و داستان زندگی دو زوج به نامهای گردا (آلیشیا ویکاندر) و اینار (اِدی ردماین) را داستان می کند. گردا برای به کارگیری مدل عکاسی زن، تصمیم به به کارگیری اینار در پوشاک و شمایل زنانه می گیرد، اما اینار بزودی متوجه می شود هنگامی که پوشاک های زنانه را می پوشد دریافتن بهتری برای زیستن دارد. او تصمیمش را برای تغییر جنسیت قطعی می کند و هنگام را با همسرش در میان میگذارد منبع : مووی پارسی بـی کـی دانـلود|دانلود,کامپیوتر,موسیقی,اندروید,جاوا,اموزش,کتاب,فیلم و انیمیشن,قرآن,پیامک, عکس,فروشگاه بی کی دانلود,iOS,نرم افزار,اس ام اس,اه
منبع : بـی کـی دانـلود|دانلود,کامپیوتر,موسیقی,اندروید,جاوا,اموزش,کتاب,فیلم و انیمیشن,قرآن,پیامک, عکس,فروشگاه بی کی دانلود,iOS,نرم افزار,اس ام اس,اه
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بازنشر شده توسط : - bestofday
لینک ثابت مطلب :
امتیاز 4.0     1 تا 5
تعداد بازدید : 11

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bestofday

آهنگ دی جی AMB و شری ام به نام به جون تو


آهنگ دی جی AMB و شری ام به نام به جون تو تنظیم : سعید انصار , ترانه و آهنگ : آرش AP جهت دانلود آهنگ به جون تو از دی جی amb و شری ام به پیوسته مطلب مراجعه نمائید & عشقولیا
منبع : عشقوليا
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بازنشر شده توسط : - bestofday
لینک ثابت مطلب :
امتیاز 4.0     1 تا 5
تعداد بازدید : 8

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حضور ابراهیم صنوبر مدیرعامل موسسه سفیران صلح در جلوه گاه امید


حضورابراهیم صنوبر مدیرعامل بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش در جلوه گاه امید بیست و هفتمین دوره جشنواره بین‌المللی فیلم کودکان و نوجوانان و اهداء جایزه به فیلم باره گزینش داوران بنیاد سفیران سازش حضورابراهیم صنوبر مدیرعامل بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش در جلوه گاه امید بیست و هفتمین دوره جشنواره بین‌المللی فیلم کودکان و نوجوانان و اهداء جایزه به فیلم باره گزینش داوران بنیاد سفیران سازش حضورابراهیم صنوبر مدیرعامل بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش در جلوه گاه امید بیست و هفتمین دوره جشنواره بین‌المللی فیلم کودکان و نوجوانان و اهداء جایزه به فیلم باره گزینش داوران بنیاد سفیران سازش INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION
منبع : EBRAHIM SENOBAR
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بازنشر شده توسط : - bestofday
لینک ثابت مطلب :
امتیاز 3.0     1 تا 5
تعداد بازدید : 6

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bestofday

حضور ابراهیم صنوبر مدیرعامل موسسه سفیران صلح در جلوه گاه امید


حضورابراهیم صنوبر مدیرعامل بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش در جلوه گاه امید بیست و هفتمین دوره جشنواره بین‌المللی فیلم کودکان و نوجوانان و اهداء جایزه به فیلم باره گزینش داوران بنیاد سفیران سازش حضورابراهیم صنوبر مدیرعامل بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش در جلوه گاه امید بیست و هفتمین دوره جشنواره بین‌المللی فیلم کودکان و نوجوانان و اهداء جایزه به فیلم باره گزینش داوران بنیاد سفیران سازش حضورابراهیم صنوبر مدیرعامل بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش در جلوه گاه امید بیست و هفتمین دوره جشنواره بین‌المللی فیلم کودکان و نوجوانان و اهداء جایزه به فیلم باره گزینش داوران بنیاد سفیران سازش INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION
منبع : کنفدراسیون مناطق دائم و پایدار صلح جهانی
تاریخ باز نشر :
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بازنشر شده توسط : - bestofday
لینک ثابت مطلب :
امتیاز 4.0     1 تا 5
تعداد بازدید : 5

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bestofday

دانلود Amber Weather 2.0.3 Premium – هواشناس اندروید!


دانلود Amber Weather 2.0.3 Premium - هواشناس اندروید! www.farsroid.com/ amber - weather - android / Amber Weather از بهترین، کامل ترین و قدرتمندترین اپلیکیشن هواشناسی برای دستگاه های اندرویدی است که بدست استودیوی Weather Team of EZMob در گوگل ... دانلود Yahoo! Weather 1.5.3 - برنامه هواشناسی یاهو اندروید www.farsroid.com/yahoo- weather / Weather یکی از بهترین و قدرتمندترین سرویس های هواشناسی می باشد که تمام شهرها و کشورها را دربرگیرنده می شود ... دانلود Amber Weather 2.0.3 Premium & هواشناس اندروید ! دانلود Amber Weather Forecast FULL v2.0.2 - ویجت ... get android .ir/ download /.../ weather /1556- Weather -Widget-EZ- Weather -... دانلود واپسین نسخه و تازه ترین ورژن Amber Weather for today برنامه ویجت هواشناسی برای گوشی و تبلت اندروید با لینک مستقیم. دانلود Amber Weather 2.0.3 Premium & هواشناس ... - اندروید 8 android8.ir › برنامه اندروید ۱۶ ساعت پیش - Amber Weather از بهترین، کامل ترین و قدرتمندترین اپلیکیشن هواشناسی برای دستگاه های اندرویدی است که بدست استودیوی Weather Team of ... دانلود Amber Weather 2.0.3 Premium & هواشناس اندروید! javanroid.rozblog.com/.../ دانلود - amber - weather -2-0-3- premium -- هواشناس - ا ... Amber Weather از بهترین، کامل ترین و قدرتمندترین اپلیکیشن هواشناسی برای دستگاه های اندرویدی است که بدست استودیوی Weather Team of EZMob در گوگل ... دانلود Amber Weather 2.0.3 Premium & هواشناس اندروید android -city.niloblog.com/.../ دانلود - Amber - Weather - 2.0.3 - Premium -& - هو ... Amber Weather از بهترین، کامل ترین و قدرتمندترین اپلیکیشن هواشناسی برای دستگاه های اندروید ی است که بدست استودیوی Weather Team of EZMob در گوگل ... دانلود Amber Weather 2.0.2 Premium & هواشناس اندروید android -city.niloblog.com/.../ دانلود - Amber - Weather -2.0.2- Premium -& - هو ... ۲۳ بهمن ۱۳۹۴ ه‍.ش. - دانلود Amber Weather 2.0.2 Premium & هواشناس اندروید - بروزترین وبسایت آندرویدی ... Amber Weather Premium v2.0.2 Unlocked & اپلیکیشن هواشناسی بی اندازه ... دانلود Clash of Kings 2.0.3 & بازی آنلاین نبرد پادشاهان اندروید . فان بگ اسفند 94
منبع : فان بگ اسفند 94
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بازنشر شده توسط : - bestofday
لینک ثابت مطلب :
امتیاز 5.0     1 تا 5
تعداد بازدید : 6

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bestofday

تیم فوتبال ستارگان سفیران صلح


    گزارش تصویری ازتمرین تیم فوتبال ستارگان سفیران سازش با همت هنرمندان و ورزشکاران و بنیاد فرهنگی ورزشی سفیران سازش گزارش تصویری ازتمرین تیم فوتبال ستارگان سفیران سازش با همت هنرمندان و ورزشکاران و بنیاد فرهنگی ورزشی سفیران سازش گزارش تصویری ازتمرین تیم فوتبال ستارگان سفیران سازش با همت هنرمندان و ورزشکاران و بنیاد فرهنگی ورزشی سفیران سازش گزارش تصویری ازتمرین تیم فوتبال ستارگان سفیران سازش با همت هنرمندان و ورزشکاران و بنیاد فرهنگی ورزشی سفیران سازش گزارش تصویری ازتمرین تیم فوتبال ستارگان سفیران سازش با همت هنرمندان و ورزشکاران و بنیاد فرهنگی ورزشی سفیران سازش INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION
منبع : حقوق بشر دوستانه
تاریخ باز نشر :
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بازنشر شده توسط : - bestofday
لینک ثابت مطلب :
امتیاز 4.0     1 تا 5
تعداد بازدید : 7

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همایش هم اندیشی نمایندگان ومسئولین کمیته های تخصصی موسسه بین المللی سفیران صلح


همایش هم اندیشی نمایندگان ومسئولین کمیته های تخصصی بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش همایش هم اندیشی نمایندگان ومسئولین کمیته های تخصصی بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش همایش هم اندیشی نمایندگان ومسئولین کمیته های تخصصی بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش همایش هم اندیشی نمایندگان ومسئولین کمیته های تخصصی بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش همایش هم اندیشی نمایندگان ومسئولین کمیته های تخصصی بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION      
منبع : موسسه بین المللی سفیران صلح
تاریخ باز نشر :
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بازنشر شده توسط : - bestofday
لینک ثابت مطلب :
امتیاز 4.0     1 تا 5
تعداد بازدید : 7

موضوع مطلب : #

bestofday

همایش هم اندیشی نمایندگان ومسئولین کمیته های تخصصی موسسه بین المللی سفیران صلح


همایش هم اندیشی نمایندگان ومسئولین کمیته های تخصصی بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش همایش هم اندیشی نمایندگان ومسئولین کمیته های تخصصی بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش همایش هم اندیشی نمایندگان ومسئولین کمیته های تخصصی بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش همایش هم اندیشی نمایندگان ومسئولین کمیته های تخصصی بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش همایش هم اندیشی نمایندگان ومسئولین کمیته های تخصصی بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION      
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bestofday

دانلود فيلم The Danish Girl محصول سال ۲۰۱۵ انگلستان،آلمان،آمریکا


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منبع : صابر فان دانلود رایگان فیلم و سریال با لینک مستقیم
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Its harder swtor credits


Its harder swtor credits to accept that it has been about 13 years aback ?Nintendo aboriginal launched the e-Reader borderline for Bold Boy Advance. Originally conceived as a accessory that would acquiesce users to browse collectable cards in adjustment to admission mini-games and in-game items, it was discontinued in 2008. Fast-forward to 2015 and ?Nintendo is advancing to kick?off the barrage of amiibo cards with?Animal Crossing: Blessed Home Designer. Announced as allotment of the latest? ?Nintendo Absolute presentation,? ?Nintendo will be putting a abundant bulk of accomplishment into blame their amiibo band of articles over the next year.?One of the a lot of absorbing of these NFC-based developments is the accession of amiibo cards. Originally arise as a agency of ambidextrous with top abode for some of the rarer amiibo figures, amiibo cards will play a axial role?in the new?Animal Crossing?game for 3DS.Paring abroad the circadian affairs and agriculture that accept become an basal allotment of the?Animal Crossing series,? ?Happy Home Designer? as the name suggests focuses on the joys of autogenous design. Players will acquisition themselves tasked with decorating custom apartment that accommodated the adapt put in abode by the alternation ablaze casting of characters. Do they ambition their allowance to be a bookworms haven? Would they like a sports-themed den?Players yield on these?duties by scanning?Animal Crossing amiibo cards. Ceremony agenda will?feature a accustomed face from the alternation and acquiesce admission to that animals capacity quandary. Already a assignment has been completed and the beastly is admiring with the result, consecutive cards can be scanned to allure added animals over to abide the newly-designed space.While the New 3DS (check out our review) provides?built-in amiibo support, beforehand versions of Nintendos accepted handheld?will aswell be accepting the adventitious to accompany the amiibo chic with the absolution of an alien NFC reader/writer. Aback amiibo cards will be an important?part of the?Animal Crossing: Blessed Home Artist experience, ?Nintendo has arise that the new borderline will barrage alongside the bold and its associated amiibo cards afterwards this fall.Considering the absurd abode for new sets of amiibo as they release, the advantage of card-based collectables is a acute move on Nintendos part. Not abandoned does it acquiesce them to draw parallels to?their apprehensive beginnings, but it adds yet accession boilerplate for admirers to develop?collections in. Theres every adventitious that these cards could end up traveling best place to buy ffxiv gil the way of the e-Reader as time goes on, but if? ?Nintendo can?manage to absorb amiibo cards with the?Pokemon?trading agenda game, they adeptness absolute able-bodied acquisition a way to admission the already ample abode for their latest success.Are you absorbed in accepting a altered angle on the established?Animal Crossing series? What would you like to see ?Nintendo do with amiibo cards in the future?Animal Crossing: Blessed Home Designer?launches abatement 2015 for the ?Nintendo 3DS alongside an NFC reader/writer borderline for beforehand ancestors of the handheld.
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bestofday

دانلود شو راو 16 فوریه 2016


شو راو 16 فوریه 2016 یکی از زیباترین شو های راو سال 2016 این شو با حظور وایت فامیلی،کین،امبروز و.... برگزار شد که از گیرایی و مسابقات خوبی برخردار بود که با تاختن های گوناگون این شو به پایان رسید در این شو یک مسابقه جدید نیز برای فست لین ثبت شد WWE Suprise Ambrose Promo Of SM And Dean Ambrose نتایج پرومو امبروز با استفانی مکمن امبروز وارد رینگ شد استفانی هم وارد رینگ شد و گفتگو یهایه زیادی داشتند که استفانی به امبروز یک سوپرایز داد و شما می توانید با رفتن به پیوسته مطلب این پرومو رو کامل و با حجم کم دانلود کنید امیدوارم لدت کافی رو از این پرومو ببرید با سپاس پیروان گروه شیلد WWE Roman Reigns Promo Of PH And Roman Reigns نتایج پرومو رومن رینز با پال هیمن رومن رینز وارد شد و پس از اون هم پال هیمن این دو به گفتگو پرداختند که...... شما می توانید با رفتن به پیوسته مطلب این پرومو را دانلود کنید امیدوارم این پرومو باره پسند شما پیمان بگیره حتما دانلود کنید خوشتون میاد با سپاس پیروان گروه شیلد. <<برای دانلود به پیوسته مطلب برودید>> WWEShield || The Official WWE Fansite
منبع : WWEShield || The Official WWE Fansite
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کارگاه یک روزه ی اپتیک و فوتونیک


Gravitational Waves Detected 100 Years After Einstein's Prediction News Release • February 11, 2016 LIGO Opens New Window on the Universe with Observation of Gravitational Waves from Colliding Black Holes WASHINGTON, DC/Cascina, Italy For the first time, scientists have observed ripples in the fabric of spacetime called gravitational waves, arriving at the earth from a cataclysmic event in the distant universe. This confirms a major prediction of Albert Einstein’s 1915 general theory of relativity and opens an unprecedented new window onto the cosmos. Gravitational waves carry information about their dramatic origins and about the nature of gravity that cannot otherwise be obtained. Physicists have concluded that the detected gravitational waves were produced during the final fraction of a second of the merger of two black holes to produce a single, more massive spinning black hole. This collision of two black holes had been predicted but never observed. The gravitational waves were detected on September 14, 2015 at 5:51 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time (09:51 UTC) by both of the twin Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors, located in Livingston, Louisiana, and Hanford, Washington, USA. The LIGO Observatories are funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF), and were conceived, built, and are operated by Caltech and MIT. The discovery, accepted for publication in the journal Physical Review Letters, was made by the LIGO Scientific Collaboration (which includes the GEO Collaboration and the Australian Consortium for Interferometric Gravitational Astronomy) and the Virgo Collaboration using data from the two LIGO detectors. Based on the observed signals, LIGO scientists estimate that the black holes for this event were about 29 and 36 times the mass of the sun, and the event took place 1.3 billion years ago. About 3 times the mass of the sun was converted into gravitational waves in a fraction of a second—with a peak power output about 50 times that of the whole visible universe. By looking at the time of arrival of the signals—the detector in Livingston recorded the event 7 milliseconds before the detector in Hanford—scientists can say that the source was located in the Southern Hemisphere. According to general relativity, a pair of black holes orbiting around each other lose energy through the emission of gravitational waves, causing them to gradually approach each other over billions of years, and then much more quickly in the final minutes. During the final fraction of a second, the two black holes collide into each other at nearly one-half the speed of light and form a single more massive black hole, converting a portion of the combined black holes’ mass to energy, according to Einstein’s formula E=mc 2 . This energy is emitted as a final strong burst of gravitational waves. It is these gravitational waves that LIGO has observed. The existence of gravitational waves was first demonstrated in the 1970s and 80s by Joseph Taylor, Jr., and colleagues. Taylor and Russell Hulse discovered in 1974 a binary system composed of a pulsar in orbit around a neutron star. Taylor and Joel M. Weisberg in 1982 found that the orbit of the pulsar was slowly shrinking over time because of the release of energy in the form of gravitational waves. For discovering the pulsar and showing that it would make possible this particular gravitational wave measurement, Hulse and Taylor were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1993. The new LIGO discovery is the first observation of gravitational waves themselves, made by measuring the tiny disturbances the waves make to space and time as they pass through the earth. “Our observation of gravitational waves accomplishes an ambitious goal set out over 5 decades ago to directly detect this elusive phenomenon and better understand the universe, and, fittingly, fulfills Einstein’s legacy on the 100th anniversary of his general theory of relativity,” says Caltech’s David H. Reitze, executive director of the LIGO Laboratory. The discovery was made possible by the enhanced capabilities of Advanced LIGO, a major upgrade that increases the sensitivity of the instruments compared to the first generation LIGO detectors, enabling a large increase in the volume of the universe probed—and the discovery of gravitational waves during its first observation run. The US National Science Foundation leads in financial support for Advanced LIGO. Funding organizations in Germany (Max Planck Society), the U.K. (Science and Technology Facilities Council, STFC) and Australia (Australian Research Council) also have made significant commitments to the project. Several of the key technologies that made Advanced LIGO so much more sensitive have been developed and tested by the German UK GEO collaboration. Significant computer resources have been contributed by the AEI Hannover Atlas Cluster, the LIGO Laboratory, Syracuse University, and the University of Wisconsin- Milwaukee. Several universities designed, built, and tested key components for Advanced LIGO: The Australian National University, the University of Adelaide, the University of Florida, Stanford University, Columbia University of the City of New York, and Louisiana State University. “In 1992, when LIGO’s initial funding was approved, it represented the biggest investment the NSF had ever made,” says France Córdova, NSF director. “It was a big risk. But the National Science Foundation is the agency that takes these kinds of risks. We support fundamental science and engineering at a point in the road to discovery where that path is anything but clear. We fund trailblazers. It’s why the U.S. continues to be a global leader in advancing knowledge.” LIGO research is carried out by the LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC), a group of more than 1000 scientists from universities around the United States and in 14 other countries. More than 90 universities and research institutes in the LSC develop detector technology and analyze data; approximately 250 students are strong contributing members of the collaboration. The LSC detector network includes the LIGO interferometers and the GEO600 detector. The GEO team includes scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute, AEI), Leibniz Universität Hannover, along with partners at the University of Glasgow, Cardiff University, the University of Birmingham, other universities in the United Kingdom, and the University of the Balearic Islands in Spain. “This detection is the beginning of a new era: The field of gravitational wave astronomy is now a reality,” says Gabriela González, LSC spokesperson and professor of physics and astronomy at Louisiana State University. LIGO was originally proposed as a means of detecting these gravitational waves in the 1980s by Rainer Weiss, professor of physics, emeritus, from MIT; Kip Thorne, Caltech’s Richard P. Feynman Professor of Theoretical Physics, emeritus; and Ronald Drever, professor of physics, emeritus, also from Caltech. “The description of this observation is beautifully described in the Einstein theory of general relativity formulated 100 years ago and comprises the first test of the theory in strong gravitation. It would have been wonderful to watch Einstein’s face had we been able to tell him,” says Weiss. “With this discovery, we humans are embarking on a marvelous new quest: the quest to explore the warped side of the universe—objects and phenomena that are made from warped spacetime. Colliding black holes and gravitational waves are our first beautiful examples,” says Thorne. Virgo research is carried out by the Virgo Collaboration, consisting of more than 250 physicists and engineers belonging to 19 different European research groups: 6 from Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) in France; 8 from the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) in Italy; 2 in The Netherlands with Nikhef; the Wigner RCP in Hungary; the POLGRAW group in Poland; and the European Gravitational Observatory (EGO), the laboratory hosting the Virgo detector near Pisa in Italy. Fulvio Ricci, Virgo Spokesperson, notes that, “This is a significant milestone for physics, but more importantly merely the start of many new and exciting astrophysical discoveries to come with LIGO and Virgo.” Bruce Allen, managing director of the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute), adds, “Einstein thought gravitational waves were too weak to detect, and didn’t believe in black holes. But I don’t think he’d have minded being wrong!” “The Advanced LIGO detectors are a tour de force of science and technology, made possible by a truly exceptional international team of technicians, engineers, and scientists,” says David Shoemaker of MIT, the project leader for Advanced LIGO. “We are very proud that we finished this NSF-funded project on time and on budget.” At each observatory, the two-and-a-half-mile (4-km) long L-shaped LIGO interferometer uses laser light split into two beams that travel back and forth down the arms (four-foot diameter tubes kept under a near-perfect vacuum). The beams are used to monitor the distance between mirrors precisely positioned at the ends of the arms. According to Einstein’s theory, the distance between the mirrors will change by an infinitesimal amount when a gravitational wave passes by the detector. A change in the lengths of the arms smaller than one-ten-thousandth the diameter of a proton (10 -19  meter) can be detected. “To make this fantastic milestone possible took a global collaboration of scientists—laser and suspension technology developed for our GEO600 detector was used to help make Advanced LIGO the most sophisticated gravitational wave detector ever created,” says Sheila Rowan, professor of physics and astronomy at the University of Glasgow. Independent and widely separated observatories are necessary to determine the direction of the event causing the gravitational waves, and also to verify that the signals come from space and are not from some other local phenomenon. Toward this end, the LIGO Laboratory is working closely with scientists in India at the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, the Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, and the Institute for Plasma to establish a third Advanced LIGO detector on the Indian subcontinent. Awaiting approval by the government of India, it could be operational early in the next decade. The additional detector will greatly improve the ability of the global detector network to localize gravitational-wave sources. “Hopefully this first observation will accelerate the construction of a global network of detectors to enable accurate source location in the era of multi-messenger astronomy,” says David McClelland, professor of physics and director of the Centre for Gravitational Physics at the Australian National University.
منبع : انجمن علمی فیزیک دانشگاه قم
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bestofday

50Cent Ft. Kidd Kidd – Everytime I Come Around


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منبع : دانلود آهنگ جدید
تاریخ باز نشر :
زمان : حدود 1 سال پیش

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bestofday

Scooter - Ace Album


سلام دوستان. پس مدت ها برگشتم. امیدوارم دوباره دوستان برای بازدید به وبلاگ سر بزنن. دانلود آلبوم اسکوتر به نام ACE که آلبوم خوبی هست ولی ...... . 01. (2:05) Ace 02. (3:10) Oi (Exclipt) 03. (3:26) Mary Got No Lamb 04. (3:05) Riot 05. (3:54) Encore 06. (2:40) Burn (Scooter Vassy) 07. (3:19) Don't Break The Silence 08. (3:34) The Birdwatcher 09. (3:34) What You're Waiting For (feat. Maidwell) 10. (3:04) Crazy 11. (3:57) Opium 12. (3:34) Stargazer (feat. Maidwell) 13. (6:05) Wolga 14. (3:08) Torch http://extratorrent.unblockme.eu/torrent/4687858/Scooter+-+ACE+%5B2016%5D+CDRIP.html   http://s7.picofile.com/file/8237316134/2015_Scooter_ACE_2016_www_Mehr_Music_ir.zip.html  __________________________________________________________________________ دوستان عزیزی که آلبوم رو با کیفیت FLAC دانلود می کنن لینک زیر   Artist: Scooter Title: ACE Year Of Release: 2016 Label: Sheffield Tunes (Edel) Genre: Techno, Dance Quality: FLAC Total Time: 48:40 Total Size: 356 MB http://extratorrent.unblockme.eu/torrent/4688206/Scooter+-+ACE+%5B2016%5D+FLAC+CD.html    
منبع : It’s Lonely On The TOP
تاریخ باز نشر :
زمان : حدود 1 سال پیش

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bestofday

part 18


Baghdad prison With much trouble I could give half a wheel on the bed and I could ambulance ambulance door glass lines of traffic signs read: "Baghdad, 235 km". I guess I live in Baghdad or camps there. Where was the one where I do not know, an ambulance pulled up. One of the soldiers opened the door. Look at me. Brief greeting. Then shut the door and left. A few minutes later reintroduced. I strongly feel hunger was lost. Thirst too. Perhaps an hour went another way. Through the same glass, I looked into the front room. And ate the sandwiches were! I have a large no. I was no longer able to endure hunger and thirst. I yelled out loud. Maybe I"ll take a large. However, right, with his fist glass and sound "Quiet, quiet," he was tall. I beg and plead not have any benefit. Myshkaft Baghdad and trod the road ambulance. The problem of food and water but that was not news but also added to my problems and it was the bathroom. I"ve had a strange pressure. I tried to explain several times. I have problems, but as if they are injured. I had forgotten. It is known that on purpose. I can no longer tolerate such pressure and urine when it was difficult, I decided somehow their comfortable fit. This did the same. But as the series before that I was in a hospital bed, I could not just comfort her. After a few minutes I was comfortable because I feel relaxed, yet I fear that Iraqi soldiers would stop me and take the series to see what it was not the situation in their serum! Fortunately it did not happen and they just continued on his way. I think it was 3 pm dramatically the way, chose to bypass. After a few minutes we realized the military environment. A few minutes later they stopped and opened the rear ambulance. I visited a few senior officers and questioned. After two three Iraqis who were identified with their digital cameras, reporters are a few photos of me. Also asked him questions. Such as: "Why did you come to the front? Do you want to continue the war? Or not! "Etc .... A few minutes later, closed the door and left. To set off again and we got out of the military environment and moved toward Baghdad. Into the distance along the road to Baghdad was 25 km ... Gradually the air went dark streets of Baghdad, a burst Gzashtym.tmam one day I was in the ambulance. Without water or bread to give me. The lights of the city that saw ambulances were on the same lines on the glass. "Where are me!" I wanted very much to take me to the hospital. Maybe the medicines and treatment as I had little food or water. I saved at least of the problems. The ambulance stopped in front of the door. When the door opened, go a little further. Again in another. When they heard the sound of opening and closing. And then one in the other, the concierge before you open the door, the driver was questioned and finally allowed to move in the ambulance Dad.ranndh. I wanted to know where I am now, so I once again tried to look out. Nothing was found except the high walls. Every few yards that went to the front, a lookout tower, was also not exhaustible and white walls. Until an ambulance stopped somewhere. Ran away and was later reversed. After a while, until they came to the door. It was long hall it was clear that the night lights. As with iron bars in prison appeared in front of me. I thought I should be in prison. When they came for me when I walk, one of two other Iraqis were non-commissioned officers. The driver and his companion took me down. Of the first rod and the second and third at the bar in a bar along the hall was dim and dark half, passed. The end of the hall. Since it was found that the sky appeared a small yard. Both chambers around the courtyard that had its doors covered with iron bars. Had never seen a place like this. Iraqi soldiers last me the same room, on the floor and left. They go door was closed one by one. Iraqi guards stood in front of them. I was surprised that all security. Even the troops themselves were Myamdndatmad from the outside, because they were searched and interrogated. A few minutes on the floor mosaics was cold. The bus was cold, shaking. Increased thirst and hunger and cold, my feet were sore. The Sbrkrdm who come to me, not news. Of the officers in 2 to 3 meters I was walking, I asked for some water and bread. I asked him several times, but did not take any notice to me. Every time I said something or that and Nalhay, only replied: "scat" means do not Bash.hrf silent. But since that did not endure cold and hunger, I asked again. The guard was frustrated. I came close. He said: "Say: Khomeini ..., to give you food and water." It was very difficult for me to repeat the words. But not now. I repeat what I wanted from him. Pressure thirst, hunger and other cold cut Taqtm. continues...
منبع : شركت ترنم زاگرس
تاریخ باز نشر :
زمان : حدود 1 سال پیش

بازنشر شده توسط : - bestofday
لینک ثابت مطلب :
امتیاز 4.0     1 تا 5
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bestofday

part 17


Singing Zagros Company in Baghdad With some difficulty I opened my eyes. I saw myself on the bed. Around surrounded by curtains. I could not see anything. As if he were still enduring behind. When I tried to see my feet, that what I have to, I saw a large splint Zyrnshymngah to tip my paws are closed, and the bands have very viscous leg bandaged. The rest of my wounds bandaged Bvdnd.nag middot;han the curtain was pushed aside. For the first time for 3 to 4 months since Azamm to the front, so I had captured enemies, my eye was a female nurse. The woman who brought me breakfast, stood beside my bed. Began to talk with the Arabic greeting that I did not notice. Breakfast was a boiled egg and some milk, put on the table beside my bed. Then go. While I was with, I was not too hungry. But I wanted to Srbkshm glass of milk. When I take my glasses, I felt, I can not. Although many have tried, but did not succeed. I gave up and lay down on the bed. I wanted a little rest, but I did not remember that urine pressure during the few days I have even a drop of urine, the Bryd.dr"m safe here during this time, when I regained consciousness, I had never felt the urine. For the first time that I was under pressure and felt a strange pain Mykrdm.dr nurse her back this time. Breakfast dishes were going to win. Nkhvrdhand.fhmyd"ve realized that I have not been able to eat. So he took the glass of milk in front of my mouth and I ate. I wanted to go back to work, he got to know the status of your urine. She nodded and left. A few minutes later returned with a metal tight. Tight (or the wounded in urine) and went to his side. It was not a problem anymore. I could not lift myself to all my work. I waited to come back to take over. When I came to, I told him: "I can not. Raise a little flat to make it easier to do my job. " He did it and went. Finally, with great effort could put in between my legs. With a "splint" that were closed to foot, was difficult. I had a great burning, so finally poured out. But not inside the container. But the pressure on bed linen. Urine, but was more like the blood. When I saw it was, I was so embarrassed. I"ve tried Mlhfhay that was beneath my feet, and I clean or the front of my nurse, but could not. The top sheet over my head and pulled the empty container next to my bed. Finally, she was a nurse. I blushed and did not want to get out of my head. "The brief?" (Over?) Bed linen taken from the serum. Finally, he knew how to water my flowers! ... Finally realized. I was waiting for her case. Or maybe his beatings! But when I picked up the bed, tears flowed from her eyes. It was clear that understood my situation and he felt burned. Slowly shook her head to console me. Not the sort of wanted to say something. However, the bed was pulled from beneath. Soon the two young men were. She was a nurse with them. Had brought them clothes torn military was still in my body, them. However, the point where my body was injured from the point of tearing my clothes with a little more space around the wound, the dressing had. That has not clothes were full. Left pants leg had dug for full splint. The two young first-shirt surgery, were mutilated after the Zyrpvshm. In short, my body was bare. I remember a small booklet of the Court "protect" was still in my pocket. They took it. Mchyam time was also inside the shirt pocket and had not noticed any Iraqi. Interestingly, returned them to me. The rest of my pants were also torn. But the intensity of the stench escaped and returned after a few minutes with the mask! A "dishdasha" or the Arabic term wear on the body. I was very comfortable. I feel lighter. When it was quiet around me and my mates were injected housing, I went to sleep. Maybe one or two hours of sleep I was awakened me with vigorous shaking. Two Iraqi soldiers were. They were armed. Came with a wheelchair. They were going to kill me. Because, they can not take away my wheelchair, to move out of his hospital bed. Theaters had to move out. I was aware of everything, I was watching the situation. We were close to the exit doors. In front of the ambulance was waiting. Behind it was open. The ambulance took me to close flat. One of them went inside the ambulance. Head and neck, and the second legs took me out of the bed and placed in an ambulance. I closed the door and sat on the Dvjlv. One driver and one on his side. They move very quickly. The movements of the soldiers was so rushed as if they were playing in movies like kidnappers. I still did not know, where I live. I look out the glass thin lines of constant emergency. Sulaimaniyah city streets behind Mygzashtym one after another, until after a while we were out of the city. Instead of streets, desert to be seen. Where tree, where mountains, strange has been amazing. It was then that I did not travel by car on a desert road. I wanted very much in the way of Iraq from thin strips on the glass ambulance watched. I said, "Where are my truth?" Ambulance had taken the road and went forward.
منبع : شركت ترنم زاگرس
تاریخ باز نشر :
زمان : حدود 1 سال پیش

بازنشر شده توسط : - bestofday
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bestofday

گزارش تصویری بازدید استاد ابراهیم صنوبر مدیرعامل موسسه بین المللی سفیران صلح از سبک ورزشی رزمی هاپکی


گزارش تصویری بازدید استاد ابراهیم صنوبر مدیرعامل بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش از سبک ورزشی رزمی هاپکیدو گزارش تصویری بازدید استاد ابراهیم صنوبر مدیرعامل بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش از سبک ورزشی رزمی هاپکیدو گزارش تصویری بازدید استاد ابراهیم صنوبر مدیرعامل بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش از سبک ورزشی رزمی هاپکیدو گزارش تصویری بازدید استاد ابراهیم صنوبر مدیرعامل بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش از سبک ورزشی رزمی هاپکیدو گزارش تصویری بازدید استاد ابراهیم صنوبر مدیرعامل بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش از سبک ورزشی رزمی هاپکیدو گزارش تصویری بازدید استاد ابراهیم صنوبر مدیرعامل بنیاد جهانی سفیران سازش از سبک ورزشی رزمی هاپکیدو INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL AMBASSADORS FOR PEACE ORGANIZATION  
منبع : کنفدراسیون مناطق دائم و پایدار صلح جهانی
تاریخ باز نشر :
زمان : حدود 1 سال پیش

بازنشر شده توسط : - bestofday
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دانلود برنامه پیش بینی آب و هوا Amber Weather 2.0_release


Amber Weather | پیش بینی آب و هوا همراه با ویجت های زیبا برای اندروید برنامه Amber Weather برای شما ویجت هایی با کیفیت بالا از طراحان و هنرمندان گوناگون آماده کرده است. در این برنامه فروشگاهی است که می توانید در هنگام پوسته های گوناگون و جدید برای ویجت ها تهیه کنید. برنامه Amber Weather یکی از بهترین برنامه های پیش بینی وضع آب و هوا در اندروید است. برنامه Amber Weather می تواند به چهره روزانه و ساعتی آب و هوا را به شما اعلام کند، مکان شما را به چهره خودکار پیدا می کند، هنگام تغییر چگونگی آب و هوا به شما هشدار میدهد و اطلاعاتی مانند فشار هوا، سرعت و جهت باد، دما، رطوبت، دید افقی، اشعه ماورا بنفش و& را به شما نمایش می دهد. ویژگی های برنامه Amber Weather : & ویجت شفاف & گزارش اطلاعات سودمند از قبیل دما، رطبت، فشار هوا و& & به روز رسانی آب و هوا بر بنیاد مکان شما & دارای منابع گوناگون برای پیش بینی آب و هوا & هشدار هنگام تغییر آب و هوا & پشتیبانی از اندروید L و wear & پشتیبانی از نمایش آب و هوا در نوار notification & پشتیبانی از ساعت جهانی & پشتیباتی از هزاران شهر در سراسر جهان دگرگونی ها واپسین نسخه برنامه Amber Weather : رفع برخی دشواری ها جزئی رفع دشوار طراحی صفحه APP Androidiha
منبع : Androidiha
تاریخ باز نشر :
زمان : حدود 1 سال پیش

بازنشر شده توسط : - bestofday
لینک ثابت مطلب :
امتیاز 4.0     1 تا 5
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ابرو گوندش sen allahın bir lütfusun ترجمه اهنگ ترکی her sey bitmedi از گوکچه دانلود اهنگ itirazim var آهنگ هلال ماه حمیرا دانلود اهنگ itirazim var آهنگ هلال ماه حمیرا ترانه دیشب هلال ماهو دیدم از عهدیه اهنگ خداگوا شعر هدی کودکی مثل 102016 دانلود زیرنویس فارسی فیلم three steps above heaven 2012 دانلود زیرنویس فارسی فیلم three steps above heaven 2012 دانلود زیرنویس فارسی فیلم three steps above heaven 2012 انشا عینی درباره باران ترانه سعید المجرد ماشی ساهل سریال روزگار شاهزاده قسمت 23 کامل دانلود شبکه جم سریس دریاهست مره ماهیا صنم جانم دانلود شبکه جم سریس دریاهست ترجمه آهنگ داغلار اوی اوی ماهسون ترجمه آهنگ داغلار اوی اوی ماهسون ترجمه آهنگ داغلار اوی اوی ماهسون ترجمه آهنگ داغلار اوی اوی ماهسون دانلود شبکه جم سریس دریاهست دانلود آهنگ تیتراژ فیلم 50 کیلو آلبالو فیلم گرگ و میش قسمت دوم با دوبله فارسی تلگرام2.3.3 three steps above heaven 2 دانلود فیلم three steps above heaven 2 دانلود فیلم صدای طرقه صوتی دانلود اهنگ her sey bitmedigokce دانلود رایگان گناه اصلی دانلوداهنگ بنام ای دل توخریداری نداری آهنگ ای وای عجب هلویی بود دانلود آهنگ her şey bitmedi bitemez دانلود اهنگ قسمت من غم بود از غلامیاری دانلود آهنگ her şey bitmedi bitemez دانلود آهنگ her şey bitmedi bitemez دانلود room in rome 480p دانلود آهنگ ترکی میش میش از سیمگه سرود مبداء روشنایی دانلود اهنگ گتمه دایان امیر وکیل تصاویر نیکی بنز آهنگ بی وفایی صدیقه فهیمی دانلود تمام آهنگ های سریال دختران گونش آهنگ بی وفایی صدیقه فهیمی دانلود آهنگ یه دونه پسر دارم دانلود آهنگ isyan از آیدا مشرف her sey bitmedi bitemez دانلود اهنگ طرح خالکوبی نوشته انگلیسی her sey bitmedi bitemez دانلود اهنگ دانلود رایگان اپزود چهارم 41148 دانلود اهنگه گوزن ها با صدای محمد کهران دانلود اهنگه گوزن ها با صدای محمد کهران دانلود رمان عاشقم باش با فرمت apk بذار حرفام و بگم بت حالا که دوستم نداری رضایا معنی اهنگ hepsi asktan مصطفی سندل ترجمه اهنگ hespi asktan دانلود آهنگ داغلار اوی اوی ماهسون با لینک مستقیم دانلود ویدیو کلیپ به یاد مهستی دانلود آهنگ isyan از آیدا مشرف دانلود آهنگ isyan از آیدا مشرف لینک گروه زنان صیغه ای دانلودآهنگ افعانی لیگ برترایران فوتبال ایران96-97هفته هفدهم رمان تا تلاقی خطوط موازی با فرمت جاوا دانلود فیلم فناناپذیران دوبله بدون سانسور دانلود ترانه سعیده